Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effects of dietary wheat middlings, corn dried distillers grains with solubles, and net energy formulation on nursery pig performance.
J Anim Sci. 2014 Aug; 92(8):3471-81.JA

Abstract

Four experiments were conducted to examine effects of dietary wheat middlings (midds), corn dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), and NE formulation on nursery pig performance and caloric efficiency. In Exp. 1, 180 nursery pigs (11.86 ± 0.02 kg BW and 39 d of age) were fed 1 of 5 diets for 21 d, with 6 pigs per pen and 6 replications per treatment. Diets were corn-soybean meal based and included 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20% wheat midds. Increasing wheat midds decreased (linear; P < 0.05) ADG and ADFI. Caloric efficiency improved (linear; P < 0.05) on both an ME (NRC, 1998) and NE (Sauvant et al., 2004) basis as dietary wheat midds increased. In Exp. 2, 210 pigs (6.85 ± 0.01 kg BW and 26 d of age) were fed 1 of 5 diets for 35 d, with 7 pigs per pen and 6 replications per treatment. Diets were corn-soybean meal based and contained 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20% wheat midds. Increasing wheat midds did not affect overall ADG or ADFI but decreased (quadratic; P < 0.013) G:F at 20%. Caloric efficiency for both ME and NE improved (quadratic; P < 0.05) as dietary wheat midds increased. In Exp. 3, 180 pigs (12.18 ± 0.4 kg BW and 39 d of age) were fed 1 of 6 experimental diets arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial with main effects of DDGS (0 or 20%) and wheat midds (0, 10, or 20%) for 21 d, with 6 pigs per pen and 5 replications per treatment. No DDGS × wheat midds interactions were observed, and DDGS did not influence ADG, ADFI, or G:F, but increasing dietary wheat midds decreased (linear; P < 0.05) ADG, G:F, and final BW. In Exp. 4, 210 pigs (6.87 kg BW and 26 d of age) were allotted to 1 of 5 dietary treatments, with 7 pigs per pen and 6 replications per treatment. Wheat middlings (0, 10, or 20%) were added to the first 3 diets without balancing for energy. In diets 4 and 5, soybean oil was added (1.4 and 2.8%) to 10 and 20% wheat midds diets to balance to the same NE as the positive control (0% wheat midds). Overall, no wheat midds × fat interactions occurred. Regardless of formulated energy value, caloric efficiency and G:F were poorer (P < 0.05) on an ME basis as wheat midds increased from 10 to 20% of the diet but did not change when calculated on an NE basis. Results of these experiments indicate that wheat midds may be fed up to 10 to 15% of the diet without negatively affecting nursery pig performance and with no interactive effects when fed in combination with DDGS. Also, formulating on an NE basis provided for similar performance with increasing dietary wheat midds compared with a corn-soybean meal control diet.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, College of Agriculture.Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, College of Agriculture jderouch@ksu.edu.Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, College of Agriculture.Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University, Manhattan 66506-0201.Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, College of Agriculture.

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24987063

Citation

De Jong, J A., et al. "Effects of Dietary Wheat Middlings, Corn Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles, and Net Energy Formulation On Nursery Pig Performance." Journal of Animal Science, vol. 92, no. 8, 2014, pp. 3471-81.
De Jong JA, DeRouchey JM, Tokach MD, et al. Effects of dietary wheat middlings, corn dried distillers grains with solubles, and net energy formulation on nursery pig performance. J Anim Sci. 2014;92(8):3471-81.
De Jong, J. A., DeRouchey, J. M., Tokach, M. D., Dritz, S. S., & Goodband, R. D. (2014). Effects of dietary wheat middlings, corn dried distillers grains with solubles, and net energy formulation on nursery pig performance. Journal of Animal Science, 92(8), 3471-81. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2013-7350
De Jong JA, et al. Effects of Dietary Wheat Middlings, Corn Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles, and Net Energy Formulation On Nursery Pig Performance. J Anim Sci. 2014;92(8):3471-81. PubMed PMID: 24987063.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of dietary wheat middlings, corn dried distillers grains with solubles, and net energy formulation on nursery pig performance. AU - De Jong,J A, AU - DeRouchey,J M, AU - Tokach,M D, AU - Dritz,S S, AU - Goodband,R D, Y1 - 2014/07/01/ PY - 2014/7/3/entrez PY - 2014/7/6/pubmed PY - 2015/11/18/medline KW - caloric efficiency KW - corn dried distillers grains with solubles KW - growth KW - net energy KW - nursery pigs KW - wheat middlings SP - 3471 EP - 81 JF - Journal of animal science JO - J Anim Sci VL - 92 IS - 8 N2 - Four experiments were conducted to examine effects of dietary wheat middlings (midds), corn dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), and NE formulation on nursery pig performance and caloric efficiency. In Exp. 1, 180 nursery pigs (11.86 ± 0.02 kg BW and 39 d of age) were fed 1 of 5 diets for 21 d, with 6 pigs per pen and 6 replications per treatment. Diets were corn-soybean meal based and included 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20% wheat midds. Increasing wheat midds decreased (linear; P < 0.05) ADG and ADFI. Caloric efficiency improved (linear; P < 0.05) on both an ME (NRC, 1998) and NE (Sauvant et al., 2004) basis as dietary wheat midds increased. In Exp. 2, 210 pigs (6.85 ± 0.01 kg BW and 26 d of age) were fed 1 of 5 diets for 35 d, with 7 pigs per pen and 6 replications per treatment. Diets were corn-soybean meal based and contained 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20% wheat midds. Increasing wheat midds did not affect overall ADG or ADFI but decreased (quadratic; P < 0.013) G:F at 20%. Caloric efficiency for both ME and NE improved (quadratic; P < 0.05) as dietary wheat midds increased. In Exp. 3, 180 pigs (12.18 ± 0.4 kg BW and 39 d of age) were fed 1 of 6 experimental diets arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial with main effects of DDGS (0 or 20%) and wheat midds (0, 10, or 20%) for 21 d, with 6 pigs per pen and 5 replications per treatment. No DDGS × wheat midds interactions were observed, and DDGS did not influence ADG, ADFI, or G:F, but increasing dietary wheat midds decreased (linear; P < 0.05) ADG, G:F, and final BW. In Exp. 4, 210 pigs (6.87 kg BW and 26 d of age) were allotted to 1 of 5 dietary treatments, with 7 pigs per pen and 6 replications per treatment. Wheat middlings (0, 10, or 20%) were added to the first 3 diets without balancing for energy. In diets 4 and 5, soybean oil was added (1.4 and 2.8%) to 10 and 20% wheat midds diets to balance to the same NE as the positive control (0% wheat midds). Overall, no wheat midds × fat interactions occurred. Regardless of formulated energy value, caloric efficiency and G:F were poorer (P < 0.05) on an ME basis as wheat midds increased from 10 to 20% of the diet but did not change when calculated on an NE basis. Results of these experiments indicate that wheat midds may be fed up to 10 to 15% of the diet without negatively affecting nursery pig performance and with no interactive effects when fed in combination with DDGS. Also, formulating on an NE basis provided for similar performance with increasing dietary wheat midds compared with a corn-soybean meal control diet. SN - 1525-3163 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24987063/Effects_of_dietary_wheat_middlings_corn_dried_distillers_grains_with_solubles_and_net_energy_formulation_on_nursery_pig_performance_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-lookup/doi/10.2527/jas.2013-7350 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -