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Urban food insecurity in the context of high food prices: a community based cross sectional study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
BMC Public Health. 2014 Jul 04; 14:680.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

High food prices have emerged as a major global challenge, especially for poor and urban households in low-income countries such as Ethiopia. However, there is little empirical evidence on urban food security and how people living in urban areas are coping with sustained high food prices. This study aims to address this gap by investigating the food insecurity situation in urban Ethiopia -a country experiencing sustained high food prices, high rates of urban poverty, and a growing urban population.

METHODS

A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 18 to February 14, 2012. A total of 550 households were selected from three sub-cities of Addis Ababa using three-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using questionnaire based interview with household heads. Items in the questionnaire include, among others, basic socioeconomic variables, dietary diversity and coping strategies. Food security status of households was assessed by a Household Food Insecurity Access Score. Data analysis was done using SPSS software and both univariate and bivariate analysis were done.

RESULTS

The study found that 75% of households were food insecure and 23% were in a state of hunger. Households with higher food insecurity scores tend to have lower dietary diversity and are less likely to consume high quality diets. Reduction in meal size and shifting to poor quality/less expensive/food types were among the common coping strategies to high food price used by households. Household incomes, occupational and educational status of household heads were significant determinants of food security.

CONCLUSION

Food insecurity in Ethiopia is not only a rural problem. Urban food insecurity is a growing concern due to the toxic combination of high rates of urban poverty, high dependency of urban households on food supplied by the market, and fluctuating food prices. Household food insecurity was particularly high among low income households and those headed by uneducated, daily wagers and government employed household heads. Therefore, policy makers should work on stabilization of the food market and creating opportunities that could improve the livelihood and purchasing power of urban households.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Health Science, Debre Berhan University, P,O, Box 445, Debre Birhan, Ethiopia. tsfbr2009@yahoo.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24993286

Citation

Birhane, Tesfay, et al. "Urban Food Insecurity in the Context of High Food Prices: a Community Based Cross Sectional Study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia." BMC Public Health, vol. 14, 2014, p. 680.
Birhane T, Shiferaw S, Hagos S, et al. Urban food insecurity in the context of high food prices: a community based cross sectional study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:680.
Birhane, T., Shiferaw, S., Hagos, S., & Mohindra, K. S. (2014). Urban food insecurity in the context of high food prices: a community based cross sectional study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health, 14, 680. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-680
Birhane T, et al. Urban Food Insecurity in the Context of High Food Prices: a Community Based Cross Sectional Study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. BMC Public Health. 2014 Jul 4;14:680. PubMed PMID: 24993286.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Urban food insecurity in the context of high food prices: a community based cross sectional study in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. AU - Birhane,Tesfay, AU - Shiferaw,Solomon, AU - Hagos,Seifu, AU - Mohindra,Katia Sarla, Y1 - 2014/07/04/ PY - 2013/03/24/received PY - 2014/06/04/accepted PY - 2014/7/5/entrez PY - 2014/7/6/pubmed PY - 2015/7/28/medline SP - 680 EP - 680 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 14 N2 - BACKGROUND: High food prices have emerged as a major global challenge, especially for poor and urban households in low-income countries such as Ethiopia. However, there is little empirical evidence on urban food security and how people living in urban areas are coping with sustained high food prices. This study aims to address this gap by investigating the food insecurity situation in urban Ethiopia -a country experiencing sustained high food prices, high rates of urban poverty, and a growing urban population. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 18 to February 14, 2012. A total of 550 households were selected from three sub-cities of Addis Ababa using three-stage sampling technique. Data were collected using questionnaire based interview with household heads. Items in the questionnaire include, among others, basic socioeconomic variables, dietary diversity and coping strategies. Food security status of households was assessed by a Household Food Insecurity Access Score. Data analysis was done using SPSS software and both univariate and bivariate analysis were done. RESULTS: The study found that 75% of households were food insecure and 23% were in a state of hunger. Households with higher food insecurity scores tend to have lower dietary diversity and are less likely to consume high quality diets. Reduction in meal size and shifting to poor quality/less expensive/food types were among the common coping strategies to high food price used by households. Household incomes, occupational and educational status of household heads were significant determinants of food security. CONCLUSION: Food insecurity in Ethiopia is not only a rural problem. Urban food insecurity is a growing concern due to the toxic combination of high rates of urban poverty, high dependency of urban households on food supplied by the market, and fluctuating food prices. Household food insecurity was particularly high among low income households and those headed by uneducated, daily wagers and government employed household heads. Therefore, policy makers should work on stabilization of the food market and creating opportunities that could improve the livelihood and purchasing power of urban households. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24993286/Urban_food_insecurity_in_the_context_of_high_food_prices:_a_community_based_cross_sectional_study_in_Addis_Ababa_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-680 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -