Effects of MIG1, TUP1 and SSN6 deletion on maltose metabolism and leavening ability of baker's yeast in lean dough.Microb Cell Fact 2014; 13:93MC
Glucose repression is a global regulatory system in baker's yeast. Maltose metabolism in baker's yeast strains is negatively influenced by glucose, thereby affecting metabolite productivity (leavening ability in lean dough). Even if the general repression system constituted by MIG1, TUP1 and SSN6 factors has already been reported, the functions of these three genes in maltose metabolism remain unclear. In this work, we explored the effects of MIG1 and/or TUP1 and/or SSN6 deletion on the alleviation of glucose-repression to promote maltose metabolism and leavening ability of baker's yeast.
Results strongly suggest that the deletion of MIG1 and/or TUP1 and/or SSN6 can exert various effects on glucose repression for maltose metabolism. The deletion of TUP1 was negative for glucose derepression to facilitate the maltose metabolism. By contrast, the deletion of MIG1 and/or SSN6, rather than other double-gene or triple-gene mutations could partly relieve glucose repression, thereby promoting maltose metabolism and the leavening ability of baker's yeast in lean dough.
The mutants of industrial baker's yeast with enhanced maltose metabolism and leavening ability in lean dough were developed by genetic engineering. These baker's yeast strains had excellent potential industrial applications.