Co-presentation of Tapia's syndrome and pressure alopecia--A rare event after septorhinoplasty: A case report and literature review.Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan. 2014 Mar; 52(1):38-40.AA
Tapia's syndrome and pressure alopecia (PA) are two rare but distressing complications associated with orotracheal intubation and positioning of the head during surgery. To our knowledge, simultaneous occurrence of both complications after surgery has not been previously reported. To avoid these disturbing complications, the mechanisms of the injury and the preventive measures should be recognized by anesthesiologists and surgeons. We herein present the case of Tapia's syndrome together with PA following open septorhinoplasty under uncomplicated endotracheal general anesthesia in a 27-year-old man. We review other case reports and discuss the potential underlying mechanisms of injury.