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Current Zika virus epidemiology and recent epidemics.

Abstract

The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus (Aedes), similar to other arboviruses, first identified in Uganda in 1947. Few human cases were reported until 2007, when a Zika outbreak occurred in Yap, Micronesia, even though ZIKV activity had been reported in Africa and in Asia through virological surveillance and entomological studies. French Polynesia has recorded a large outbreak since October 2013. A great number of cases and some with neurological and autoimmune complications have been reported in a context of concurrent circulation of dengue viruses. The clinical presentation is a "dengue-like syndrome". Until the epidemic in French Polynesia, no severe ZIKV disease had been described so far. The diagnosis is confirmed by viral genome detection by genomic amplification (RT- PCR) and viral isolation. These two large outbreaks occurred in a previously unaffected area in less than a decade. They should raise awareness as to the potential for ZIKV to spread especially since this emergent disease is not well known and that some questions remain on potential reservoirs and transmission modes as well as on clinical presentations and complications. ZIKV has the potential to spread to new areas where the Aedes mosquito vector is present and could be a risk for Southern Europe. Strategies for the prevention and control of ZIKV disease should include the use of insect repellent and mosquito vector eradication.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Institut de veille sanitaire, département de coordination des alertes et des regions, 12, rue du Val d'Osne, 94415 St-Maurice, France. Electronic address: s.ioos@invs.sante.fr.

    ,

    Direction de la santé, bureau de veille sanitaire, Papeete, French Polynesia.

    ,

    Centre national de référence Arbovirus, IRBA, Marseille, France.

    ,

    Institut de veille sanitaire, département de coordination des alertes et des regions, 12, rue du Val d'Osne, 94415 St-Maurice, France.

    ,

    Institut de veille sanitaire, département de coordination des alertes et des regions, 12, rue du Val d'Osne, 94415 St-Maurice, France.

    Institut de veille sanitaire, département de coordination des alertes et des regions, 12, rue du Val d'Osne, 94415 St-Maurice, France.

    Source

    Medecine et maladies infectieuses 44:7 2014 Jul pg 302-7

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aedes
    Africa
    Aged
    Animals
    Asia
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Communicable Diseases, Emerging
    Disease Outbreaks
    Haplorhini
    Humans
    Infant
    Insect Bites and Stings
    Insect Vectors
    Male
    Micronesia
    Middle Aged
    Monkey Diseases
    Mosquito Control
    Polynesia
    Young Adult
    Zika Virus
    Zika Virus Infection

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25001879

    Citation

    Ioos, S, et al. "Current Zika Virus Epidemiology and Recent Epidemics." Medecine Et Maladies Infectieuses, vol. 44, no. 7, 2014, pp. 302-7.
    Ioos S, Mallet HP, Leparc Goffart I, et al. Current Zika virus epidemiology and recent epidemics. Med Mal Infect. 2014;44(7):302-7.
    Ioos, S., Mallet, H. P., Leparc Goffart, I., Gauthier, V., Cardoso, T., & Herida, M. (2014). Current Zika virus epidemiology and recent epidemics. Medecine Et Maladies Infectieuses, 44(7), pp. 302-7. doi:10.1016/j.medmal.2014.04.008.
    Ioos S, et al. Current Zika Virus Epidemiology and Recent Epidemics. Med Mal Infect. 2014;44(7):302-7. PubMed PMID: 25001879.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Current Zika virus epidemiology and recent epidemics. AU - Ioos,S, AU - Mallet,H-P, AU - Leparc Goffart,I, AU - Gauthier,V, AU - Cardoso,T, AU - Herida,M, Y1 - 2014/07/04/ PY - 2014/03/10/received PY - 2014/04/04/revised PY - 2014/04/29/accepted PY - 2014/7/9/entrez PY - 2014/7/9/pubmed PY - 2015/4/14/medline KW - Aedes KW - Arbovirus KW - French Polynesia KW - Polynésie française KW - Virus Zika KW - Yap KW - Zika virus SP - 302 EP - 7 JF - Medecine et maladies infectieuses JO - Med Mal Infect VL - 44 IS - 7 N2 - The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne flavivirus (Aedes), similar to other arboviruses, first identified in Uganda in 1947. Few human cases were reported until 2007, when a Zika outbreak occurred in Yap, Micronesia, even though ZIKV activity had been reported in Africa and in Asia through virological surveillance and entomological studies. French Polynesia has recorded a large outbreak since October 2013. A great number of cases and some with neurological and autoimmune complications have been reported in a context of concurrent circulation of dengue viruses. The clinical presentation is a "dengue-like syndrome". Until the epidemic in French Polynesia, no severe ZIKV disease had been described so far. The diagnosis is confirmed by viral genome detection by genomic amplification (RT- PCR) and viral isolation. These two large outbreaks occurred in a previously unaffected area in less than a decade. They should raise awareness as to the potential for ZIKV to spread especially since this emergent disease is not well known and that some questions remain on potential reservoirs and transmission modes as well as on clinical presentations and complications. ZIKV has the potential to spread to new areas where the Aedes mosquito vector is present and could be a risk for Southern Europe. Strategies for the prevention and control of ZIKV disease should include the use of insect repellent and mosquito vector eradication. SN - 1769-6690 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25001879/Current_Zika_virus_epidemiology_and_recent_epidemics_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0399-077X(14)00108-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -