Determination and study on dissipation and residue determination of cyhalofop-butyl and its metabolite using HPLC-MS/MS in a rice ecosystem.Environ Monit Assess. 2014 Oct; 186(10):6959-67.EM
Cyhalofop-butyl is an aryloxyphenoxypropionate postemergence herbicide with good control of barnyard grass in rice paddies. In this study, method for the determination of cyhalofop-butyl and its metabolite was developed with high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Dissipation and residue levels of cyhalofop-butyl and its metabolite in rice ecosystems were also investigated. Recoveries and relative standard deviations of cyhalofop-butyl and cyhalofop acid in six matrices at three spiking levels ranged from 76.1 to 107.5% and 1.1 to 8.2%, respectively. The limit of quantitation (LOQ) of cyhalofop-butyl and cyhalofop acid was 0.01 mg/kg in paddy water, paddy soil, rice plant, rice straw, rice hulls, and husked rice. For field experiments, the results showed that cyhalofop-butyl degraded to cyhalofop acid quickly, and the half-lives of cyhalofop acid in paddy water, paddy soil, and rice plant were 1.01-1.53, 0.88-0.97, and 2.09-2.42 days, respectively. Ultimate residues of cyhalofop-butyl and its metabolite in the rice samples were not detectable or below 0.01 mg/kg at harvest.