Prototyped grafting plate for reconstruction of mandibular defects.J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2014 Dec; 42(8):1723-9.JC
To esthetically and functionally restore a 40-mm canine mandibular discontinuity defect using a custom-made titanium bone-grafting plate in combination with autologous iliac bone grafts. Individualized titanium bone-grafting plates were manufactured using a series of techniques, including reverse engineering, computer aided design, rapid prototyping and titanium casting. A 40-mm discontinuous defect in the right mandibular body was created in 9 hybrid dogs. The defect was restored immediately using the customized plate in combination with autologous cancellous iliac blocks. Sequential radionuclide bone imaging was performed to evaluate the bone metabolism and reconstitution of the grafts. The specimens were evaluated by biomechanical testing, 3-dimensional microcomputed tomographic scanning, and histological examination. The results revealed that the symmetry of the mandibles was reconstructed using the customized grafting plate, and the bony continuity of the mandibles was restored. By 12 weeks after the operation, the cancellous iliac grafts became a hard bone block, which was of comparable strength to native mandibles. A fibrous tissue intermediate was found between the remodelled bone graft and the titanium plate. The results indicate that the prototyped grafting plate can be used to restore mandibular discontinuous defects, and satisfactory aesthetical and functional reconstruction can be achieved.