Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Psychosocial work conditions associated with sickness absence among hospital employees.
Occup Med (Lond) 2014; 64(7):503-8OM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Meaningfulness of the job, collaboration among colleagues, trustworthiness of the closest superior and bullying have previously been shown to be major covariates of intention to quit the job.

AIMS

To test if these elements of the psychosocial work environment are also the most essential covariates of sickness absence.

METHODS

A cross-sectional questionnaire study of hospital employees which sought information on elements of the psychosocial work environment, general health status, life style, age, gender and profession. Data on sickness absence were obtained from the employer's salary database.

RESULTS

A total of 1809 hospital employees took part with a response rate of 65%. The mean age was 43 (range: 20-69) and 75% were female. Totally, 363 study participants (20%) had at least 14 days sickness absence (defined as high absence) during the preceding year. Associations between high sickness absence and 29 psychosocial work elements were analysed, adjusting for relevant confounders. Following multiple logistic regression analysis, three elements had an independent statistically significant association with high sickness absence: no exposure to bullying (odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 0.50 (0.33-0.77)), high meaningfulness of the job (0.71 (0.52-0.97)) and high trustworthiness of the closest superior (0.70 (0.54-0.92)).

CONCLUSIONS

Elements of the psychosocial work environment which have previously been shown to have a significant independent association with intention to quit the job were also the most essential covariates of high sickness absence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg, Denmark.Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg, Denmark. kasper.olesen@regionh.dk.Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg, Denmark.Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital, Bispebjerg, Denmark.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25022281

Citation

Suadicani, P, et al. "Psychosocial Work Conditions Associated With Sickness Absence Among Hospital Employees." Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), vol. 64, no. 7, 2014, pp. 503-8.
Suadicani P, Olesen K, Bonde JP, et al. Psychosocial work conditions associated with sickness absence among hospital employees. Occup Med (Lond). 2014;64(7):503-8.
Suadicani, P., Olesen, K., Bonde, J. P., & Gyntelberg, F. (2014). Psychosocial work conditions associated with sickness absence among hospital employees. Occupational Medicine (Oxford, England), 64(7), pp. 503-8. doi:10.1093/occmed/kqu064.
Suadicani P, et al. Psychosocial Work Conditions Associated With Sickness Absence Among Hospital Employees. Occup Med (Lond). 2014;64(7):503-8. PubMed PMID: 25022281.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychosocial work conditions associated with sickness absence among hospital employees. AU - Suadicani,P, AU - Olesen,K, AU - Bonde,J P, AU - Gyntelberg,F, Y1 - 2014/07/14/ PY - 2014/7/16/entrez PY - 2014/7/16/pubmed PY - 2015/10/6/medline KW - Gender KW - health status KW - psychosocial work quality KW - sickness absence. SP - 503 EP - 8 JF - Occupational medicine (Oxford, England) JO - Occup Med (Lond) VL - 64 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Meaningfulness of the job, collaboration among colleagues, trustworthiness of the closest superior and bullying have previously been shown to be major covariates of intention to quit the job. AIMS: To test if these elements of the psychosocial work environment are also the most essential covariates of sickness absence. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire study of hospital employees which sought information on elements of the psychosocial work environment, general health status, life style, age, gender and profession. Data on sickness absence were obtained from the employer's salary database. RESULTS: A total of 1809 hospital employees took part with a response rate of 65%. The mean age was 43 (range: 20-69) and 75% were female. Totally, 363 study participants (20%) had at least 14 days sickness absence (defined as high absence) during the preceding year. Associations between high sickness absence and 29 psychosocial work elements were analysed, adjusting for relevant confounders. Following multiple logistic regression analysis, three elements had an independent statistically significant association with high sickness absence: no exposure to bullying (odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 0.50 (0.33-0.77)), high meaningfulness of the job (0.71 (0.52-0.97)) and high trustworthiness of the closest superior (0.70 (0.54-0.92)). CONCLUSIONS: Elements of the psychosocial work environment which have previously been shown to have a significant independent association with intention to quit the job were also the most essential covariates of high sickness absence. SN - 1471-8405 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25022281/Psychosocial_work_conditions_associated_with_sickness_absence_among_hospital_employees_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/occmed/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/occmed/kqu064 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -