Scoliosis surgery in neurofibromatosis.Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989 AugCO
Twenty-three patients who were treated by posterior spinal fusion with neurofibromatous scoliosis were reviewed to study the adequacy of spinal fusion, rate of pseudarthrosis, and incidence of complications. Twenty patients achieved a solid fusion with posterior surgery alone. Thirteen patients required one or more posterior augmentation procedures because of progressive deformity. Three patients with dystrophic kyphoscoliosis required an anterior spinal fusion in addition to the posterior fusion to achieve a solid fusion mass. The type of graft material, Harrington instrumentation, and degree of kyphosis or scoliosis had no effect on the rate of pseudarthrosis. Preoperative neuroradiographic evaluation was found to be warranted for all patients with neurofibromatous scoliosis.