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High school dropouts in emerging adulthood: substance use, mental health problems, and crime.

Abstract

This study examined the distribution of substance use, mental health, and criminal behavior among dropouts derived from a nationally representative sample of 18-25 year old (N = 19,312) emerging adults in the United States. Using public-use data from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, this study employed multiple logistic regression with adjustments for complex survey sampling and compared high school dropouts with graduates with respect to substance use, mental health, and criminal behavior. After controlling for the effects of age, gender, race/ethnicity, family income, receipt of government assistance, employment status, and metropolitan population density, dropouts were more likely to meet criteria for nicotine dependence and report daily cigarette use, and more likely to report having attempted suicide in the previous year, been arrested for larceny, assault, drug possession or drug sales relative to their high school graduate counterparts. The findings of this study provide important insights and an initial epidemiologic portrait of mental health, substance use, and criminal behaviors of dropouts during emerging adulthood.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    School of Social Work, Saint Louis University, Tegeler Hall, 3550 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO, 63103, USA, bmaynar1@slu.edu.

    ,

    Source

    Community mental health journal 51:3 2015 Apr pg 289-99

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Crime
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Mental Health
    Population Surveillance
    Schools
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Student Dropouts
    Substance-Related Disorders
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25030805

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - High school dropouts in emerging adulthood: substance use, mental health problems, and crime. AU - Maynard,Brandy R, AU - Salas-Wright,Christopher P, AU - Vaughn,Michael G, Y1 - 2014/07/17/ PY - 2013/7/17/received PY - 2014/7/6/accepted PY - 2014/7/17/aheadofprint PY - 2014/7/18/entrez PY - 2014/7/18/pubmed PY - 2016/3/30/medline SP - 289 EP - 99 JF - Community mental health journal JO - Community Ment Health J VL - 51 IS - 3 N2 - This study examined the distribution of substance use, mental health, and criminal behavior among dropouts derived from a nationally representative sample of 18-25 year old (N = 19,312) emerging adults in the United States. Using public-use data from the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, this study employed multiple logistic regression with adjustments for complex survey sampling and compared high school dropouts with graduates with respect to substance use, mental health, and criminal behavior. After controlling for the effects of age, gender, race/ethnicity, family income, receipt of government assistance, employment status, and metropolitan population density, dropouts were more likely to meet criteria for nicotine dependence and report daily cigarette use, and more likely to report having attempted suicide in the previous year, been arrested for larceny, assault, drug possession or drug sales relative to their high school graduate counterparts. The findings of this study provide important insights and an initial epidemiologic portrait of mental health, substance use, and criminal behaviors of dropouts during emerging adulthood. SN - 1573-2789 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25030805/High_School_Dropouts_in_Emerging_Adulthood:_Substance_Use,_Mental_Health_Problems,_and_Crime. L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10597-014-9760-5 ER -