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Caloric beverage intake among adult supplemental nutrition assistance program participants.
Am J Public Health. 2014 Sep; 104(9):e80-5.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We compared sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), alcohol, and other caloric beverage (juice and milk) consumption of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants with that of low-income nonparticipants.

METHODS

We used 1 day of dietary intake data from the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 4594 adults aged 20 years and older with household income at or below 250% of the federal poverty line. We used bivariate and multivariate methods to compare the probability of consuming and the amount of calories consumed for each beverage type across 3 groups: current SNAP participants, former participants, and nonparticipants. We used instrumental variable methods to control for unobservable differences in participant groups.

RESULTS

After controlling for observable characteristics, SNAP participants were no more likely to consume SSBs than were nonparticipants. Instrumental variable estimates showed that current participants consumed fewer calories from SSBs than did similar nonparticipants. We found no differences in alcoholic beverage consumption, which cannot be purchased with SNAP benefits.

CONCLUSIONS

SNAP participants are not unique in their consumption of SSBs or alcoholic beverages. Purchase restrictions may have little effect on SSB consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Jessica E. Todd and Michele Ver Ploeg are with the Food Economics Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25033141

Citation

Todd, Jessica E., and Michele Ver Ploeg. "Caloric Beverage Intake Among Adult Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participants." American Journal of Public Health, vol. 104, no. 9, 2014, pp. e80-5.
Todd JE, Ver Ploeg M. Caloric beverage intake among adult supplemental nutrition assistance program participants. Am J Public Health. 2014;104(9):e80-5.
Todd, J. E., & Ver Ploeg, M. (2014). Caloric beverage intake among adult supplemental nutrition assistance program participants. American Journal of Public Health, 104(9), e80-5. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.301970
Todd JE, Ver Ploeg M. Caloric Beverage Intake Among Adult Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participants. Am J Public Health. 2014;104(9):e80-5. PubMed PMID: 25033141.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Caloric beverage intake among adult supplemental nutrition assistance program participants. AU - Todd,Jessica E, AU - Ver Ploeg,Michele, Y1 - 2014/07/17/ PY - 2014/7/18/entrez PY - 2014/7/18/pubmed PY - 2014/10/21/medline SP - e80 EP - 5 JF - American journal of public health JO - Am J Public Health VL - 104 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We compared sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB), alcohol, and other caloric beverage (juice and milk) consumption of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participants with that of low-income nonparticipants. METHODS: We used 1 day of dietary intake data from the 2005-2008 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for 4594 adults aged 20 years and older with household income at or below 250% of the federal poverty line. We used bivariate and multivariate methods to compare the probability of consuming and the amount of calories consumed for each beverage type across 3 groups: current SNAP participants, former participants, and nonparticipants. We used instrumental variable methods to control for unobservable differences in participant groups. RESULTS: After controlling for observable characteristics, SNAP participants were no more likely to consume SSBs than were nonparticipants. Instrumental variable estimates showed that current participants consumed fewer calories from SSBs than did similar nonparticipants. We found no differences in alcoholic beverage consumption, which cannot be purchased with SNAP benefits. CONCLUSIONS: SNAP participants are not unique in their consumption of SSBs or alcoholic beverages. Purchase restrictions may have little effect on SSB consumption. SN - 1541-0048 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25033141/Caloric_beverage_intake_among_adult_supplemental_nutrition_assistance_program_participants_ L2 - https://www.ajph.org/doi/10.2105/AJPH.2014.301970?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -