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The associations of meals and snacks on family meals among a sample of grade 7 students from Southwestern Ontario.
Appetite. 2014 Nov; 82:61-6.A

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Research has shown the positive associations of family meals and diet quality. However, little is known about how other meals/snacks may be associated with family meals.

OBJECTIVE

The purpose was to determine the associations among the frequency and calorie consumption of meals/snacks and family dinners.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional. Data were collected using Web-based Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (WEB-Q), including a 24-h diet recall for breakfast, morning snack, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner, and evening snack. Measured height and weight were used to determine body weight status (BMI).

PARTICIPANTS/SETTING

Participants included 1068 grade 7 students (52% males) from 26 schools in Windsor Essex County, Ontario, Canada.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Meal, snack, and total daily caloric intake; meal and snack frequency; with whom dinner was consumed, and weekly family dinner frequency.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED

Exploratory one-way ANOVAs and chi-square tests; nominal and ordinal logistic regression.

RESULTS

Ninety-three percent of participants consumed dinner with family members on the night prior to the survey and 77% reported usually consuming dinner/supper with at least one parent on six to seven nights/week. Those who had dinner with family members consumed 4.88 (SD 1.1) meals/snacks per day compared with 4.40 (SD 1.3) and 4.40 (SD 1.3) times/day for consuming dinner alone or with friends, respectively (p=0.006). On the day prior to the survey, participants were less likely to consume a family meal if they consumed a lower number of meals and snacks per day (OR=0.69 (95% CI: 0.55, 0.87), p<0.001). Similarly, participants were less likely to consume regular family meals if they consumed a lower number of meals and snacks per day (OR=0.84 (95% CI: 0.74, 0.96), p=0.009).

CONCLUSIONS

While specific meals and snacks were not associated with family dinner, overall eating frequency was positively associated with family meals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Kinesiology, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada. Electronic address: woodruff@uwindsor.ca.School of Nursing, St. Clair College, 2000 Talbot Road West, Windsor, ON N9A 6S4, Canada.Faculty of Education, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada.Faculty of Nursing, University of Windsor, 401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25038406

Citation

Woodruff, Sarah J., et al. "The Associations of Meals and Snacks On Family Meals Among a Sample of Grade 7 Students From Southwestern Ontario." Appetite, vol. 82, 2014, pp. 61-6.
Woodruff SJ, Campbell K, Campbell T, et al. The associations of meals and snacks on family meals among a sample of grade 7 students from Southwestern Ontario. Appetite. 2014;82:61-6.
Woodruff, S. J., Campbell, K., Campbell, T., & Cole, M. (2014). The associations of meals and snacks on family meals among a sample of grade 7 students from Southwestern Ontario. Appetite, 82, 61-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2014.07.017
Woodruff SJ, et al. The Associations of Meals and Snacks On Family Meals Among a Sample of Grade 7 Students From Southwestern Ontario. Appetite. 2014;82:61-6. PubMed PMID: 25038406.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The associations of meals and snacks on family meals among a sample of grade 7 students from Southwestern Ontario. AU - Woodruff,Sarah J, AU - Campbell,Katherine, AU - Campbell,Ty, AU - Cole,Mary, Y1 - 2014/07/16/ PY - 2013/12/31/received PY - 2014/05/15/revised PY - 2014/07/14/accepted PY - 2014/7/20/entrez PY - 2014/7/20/pubmed PY - 2015/5/23/medline KW - Eating frequency KW - Family meals KW - Young adolescents SP - 61 EP - 6 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 82 N2 - BACKGROUND: Research has shown the positive associations of family meals and diet quality. However, little is known about how other meals/snacks may be associated with family meals. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to determine the associations among the frequency and calorie consumption of meals/snacks and family dinners. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. Data were collected using Web-based Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (WEB-Q), including a 24-h diet recall for breakfast, morning snack, lunch, afternoon snack, dinner, and evening snack. Measured height and weight were used to determine body weight status (BMI). PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: Participants included 1068 grade 7 students (52% males) from 26 schools in Windsor Essex County, Ontario, Canada. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Meal, snack, and total daily caloric intake; meal and snack frequency; with whom dinner was consumed, and weekly family dinner frequency. STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED: Exploratory one-way ANOVAs and chi-square tests; nominal and ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: Ninety-three percent of participants consumed dinner with family members on the night prior to the survey and 77% reported usually consuming dinner/supper with at least one parent on six to seven nights/week. Those who had dinner with family members consumed 4.88 (SD 1.1) meals/snacks per day compared with 4.40 (SD 1.3) and 4.40 (SD 1.3) times/day for consuming dinner alone or with friends, respectively (p=0.006). On the day prior to the survey, participants were less likely to consume a family meal if they consumed a lower number of meals and snacks per day (OR=0.69 (95% CI: 0.55, 0.87), p<0.001). Similarly, participants were less likely to consume regular family meals if they consumed a lower number of meals and snacks per day (OR=0.84 (95% CI: 0.74, 0.96), p=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: While specific meals and snacks were not associated with family dinner, overall eating frequency was positively associated with family meals. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25038406/The_associations_of_meals_and_snacks_on_family_meals_among_a_sample_of_grade_7_students_from_Southwestern_Ontario_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(14)00374-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -