A degradation study of cefepime hydrochloride in solutions under various stress conditions by TLC-densitometry.Biomed Chromatogr 2015; 29(3):388-95BC
A rapid, accurate and sensitive thin-layer chromatography (TLC) method with densitometric detection has been developed and validated for the determination of cefepime in pharmaceuticals. Chromatographic separation was achieved on a silica gel TLC F254 plates with a mobile phase consisting of ethanol-2-propanol-glacial acetic acid 99.5%-water (4:4:1:3, v/v). Densitometric detection was carried out at wavelength of 266 nm in reflectance/absorbance mode. The validation of the method was found to be satisfactory with high accuracy (from 99.24 to 101.37%) and precision (RSD from 0.06 to 0.36%). Additionally, the stability of cefepime in solution was investigated, including the effect of pH, temperature and incubation time. Favorable retention parameters (Rf , Rs, α) were obtained under the developed conditions, which guaranteed good separation of the studied components. The degradation process of cefepime hydrochloride was described by kinetic and thermodynamic parameters (k, t0.1 , t0.5 and Ea). Moreover, the chemical properties of degradation products were characterized by the Rf values, absorption spectra, HPLC-MS/MS and TLC-densitometry analysis. As the method could effectively separate the active substance from its main degradation product (1-methylpyrrolidine), it can be employed as a method to indicate the stability of this drug.