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Dental fear and expected effectiveness of destructive coping as predictors of children's uncooperative intentions in dental settings.
Int J Paediatr Dent. 2015 May; 25(3):191-8.IJ

Abstract

AIM

To explore the mechanisms by which some children select disruptive behaviours to cope with stressful dental events. In particular, the relationships between dental fear, expected effectiveness of destructive coping, and intentions of displaying uncooperative behaviours were analysed.

DESIGN

Participants were 170 children who filled out a questionnaire survey. Descriptive statistics by gender and group age as well as comparisons of means were calculated. Spearman's rho correlation coefficients and binary logistic regression analysis were used to test hypotheses of the relationships among variables.

RESULTS

Both dental fear and the expected effectiveness of destructive coping strategies were significantly associated with children's uncooperative intentions at the dentist. In addition, children who strongly endorsed the effectiveness of destructive coping strategies had a higher probability of uncooperative intentions as dental fear increased. In contrast, this relationship was not statistically significant among children who did not expect negative behaviours to be effective.

CONCLUSIONS

Children's expectations about the effectiveness of destructive coping behaviours can help explain variations in the use of these strategies in stressful dental situations. Dental fear as well as children's inadequate expectancies about coping alternatives should be explored and targeted to prevent and modify uncooperative behaviour intentions at the dentist.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Health and Education Sciences, Department of Psychology, Madrid Open University (UDIMA), Collado-Villalba, Madrid, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25047094

Citation

Crego, Antonio, et al. "Dental Fear and Expected Effectiveness of Destructive Coping as Predictors of Children's Uncooperative Intentions in Dental Settings." International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, vol. 25, no. 3, 2015, pp. 191-8.
Crego A, Carrillo-Diaz M, Armfield JM, et al. Dental fear and expected effectiveness of destructive coping as predictors of children's uncooperative intentions in dental settings. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2015;25(3):191-8.
Crego, A., Carrillo-Diaz, M., Armfield, J. M., & Romero, M. (2015). Dental fear and expected effectiveness of destructive coping as predictors of children's uncooperative intentions in dental settings. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 25(3), 191-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/ipd.12126
Crego A, et al. Dental Fear and Expected Effectiveness of Destructive Coping as Predictors of Children's Uncooperative Intentions in Dental Settings. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2015;25(3):191-8. PubMed PMID: 25047094.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dental fear and expected effectiveness of destructive coping as predictors of children's uncooperative intentions in dental settings. AU - Crego,Antonio, AU - Carrillo-Diaz,María, AU - Armfield,Jason M, AU - Romero,Martín, Y1 - 2014/07/22/ PY - 2014/7/23/entrez PY - 2014/7/23/pubmed PY - 2017/1/11/medline SP - 191 EP - 8 JF - International journal of paediatric dentistry JO - Int J Paediatr Dent VL - 25 IS - 3 N2 - AIM: To explore the mechanisms by which some children select disruptive behaviours to cope with stressful dental events. In particular, the relationships between dental fear, expected effectiveness of destructive coping, and intentions of displaying uncooperative behaviours were analysed. DESIGN: Participants were 170 children who filled out a questionnaire survey. Descriptive statistics by gender and group age as well as comparisons of means were calculated. Spearman's rho correlation coefficients and binary logistic regression analysis were used to test hypotheses of the relationships among variables. RESULTS: Both dental fear and the expected effectiveness of destructive coping strategies were significantly associated with children's uncooperative intentions at the dentist. In addition, children who strongly endorsed the effectiveness of destructive coping strategies had a higher probability of uncooperative intentions as dental fear increased. In contrast, this relationship was not statistically significant among children who did not expect negative behaviours to be effective. CONCLUSIONS: Children's expectations about the effectiveness of destructive coping behaviours can help explain variations in the use of these strategies in stressful dental situations. Dental fear as well as children's inadequate expectancies about coping alternatives should be explored and targeted to prevent and modify uncooperative behaviour intentions at the dentist. SN - 1365-263X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25047094/Dental_fear_and_expected_effectiveness_of_destructive_coping_as_predictors_of_children's_uncooperative_intentions_in_dental_settings_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/ipd.12126 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -