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Values in design sciences.
Stud Hist Philos Sci. 2014 Jun; 46:11-5.SH

Abstract

Following Herbert Simon's idea of "the sciences of the artificial", one may contrast descriptive sciences and design sciences: the former are concerned with "how things are", the latter tell us "how things ought to be in order to attain goals, and to function". Typical results of design sciences are thus expressions about means--ends relations or technical norms in G. H. von Wright's sense. Theorizing and modeling are important methods of giving a value-free epistemic justification for such technical norms. The values of design sciences are not criteria for the acceptance of theories or models, but rather antecedents of conditional recommendations of actions. Design sciences are thus value-neutral and value-laden at the same time.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25051866

Citation

Niiniluoto, Ilkka. "Values in Design Sciences." Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, vol. 46, 2014, pp. 11-5.
Niiniluoto I. Values in design sciences. Stud Hist Philos Sci. 2014;46:11-5.
Niiniluoto, I. (2014). Values in design sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 46, 11-5.
Niiniluoto I. Values in Design Sciences. Stud Hist Philos Sci. 2014;46:11-5. PubMed PMID: 25051866.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Values in design sciences. A1 - Niiniluoto,Ilkka, PY - 2014/7/24/entrez PY - 2014/7/24/pubmed PY - 2014/8/22/medline SP - 11 EP - 5 JF - Studies in history and philosophy of science JO - Stud Hist Philos Sci VL - 46 N2 - Following Herbert Simon's idea of "the sciences of the artificial", one may contrast descriptive sciences and design sciences: the former are concerned with "how things are", the latter tell us "how things ought to be in order to attain goals, and to function". Typical results of design sciences are thus expressions about means--ends relations or technical norms in G. H. von Wright's sense. Theorizing and modeling are important methods of giving a value-free epistemic justification for such technical norms. The values of design sciences are not criteria for the acceptance of theories or models, but rather antecedents of conditional recommendations of actions. Design sciences are thus value-neutral and value-laden at the same time. SN - 0039-3681 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25051866/Values_in_design_sciences_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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