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Evolution of illustrations in anatomy: a study from the classical period in Europe to modern times.
Anat Sci Educ. 2015 Mar-Apr; 8(2):175-88.AS

Abstract

Illustrations constitute an essential element of learning anatomy in modern times. However it required a significant evolutionary process spread over centuries, for illustrations to achieve the present status in the subject of anatomy. This review article attempts to outline the evolutionary process by highlighting on the works of esteemed anatomists in a chronological manner. Available literature suggests that illustrations were not used in anatomy during the classical period when the subject was dominated by the descriptive text of Galen. Guido da Vigevano was first to use illustrations in anatomy during the Late Middle Ages and this concept developed further during the Renaissance period when Andreas Vesalius pioneered in illustrations becoming an indispensable tool in conveying anatomical details. Toward later stages of the Renaissance period, Fabricius ab Aquapendente endeavored to restrict dramatization of anatomical illustrations which was a prevalent trend in early Renaissance. During the 18th century, anatomical artwork was characterized by the individual styles of prominent anatomists leading to suppression of anatomical details. In the 19th century, Henry Gray used illustrations in his anatomical masterpiece that focused on depicting anatomical structures and were free from any artistic style. From early part of the 20th century medical images and photographs started to complement traditional handmade anatomical illustrations. Computer technology and advanced software systems played a key role in the evolution of anatomical illustrations during the late 20th century resulting in new generation 3D image datasets that are being used in the 21st century in innovative formats for teaching and learning anatomy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Anatomy, Employees' State Insurance, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences and Research (ESI-PGIMSR), Employees' State Insurance Corporation Medical College, Joka, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25053471

Citation

Ghosh, Sanjib Kumar. "Evolution of Illustrations in Anatomy: a Study From the Classical Period in Europe to Modern Times." Anatomical Sciences Education, vol. 8, no. 2, 2015, pp. 175-88.
Ghosh SK. Evolution of illustrations in anatomy: a study from the classical period in Europe to modern times. Anat Sci Educ. 2015;8(2):175-88.
Ghosh, S. K. (2015). Evolution of illustrations in anatomy: a study from the classical period in Europe to modern times. Anatomical Sciences Education, 8(2), 175-88. https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1479
Ghosh SK. Evolution of Illustrations in Anatomy: a Study From the Classical Period in Europe to Modern Times. Anat Sci Educ. 2015 Mar-Apr;8(2):175-88. PubMed PMID: 25053471.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evolution of illustrations in anatomy: a study from the classical period in Europe to modern times. A1 - Ghosh,Sanjib Kumar, Y1 - 2014/07/22/ PY - 2014/01/23/received PY - 2014/04/29/revised PY - 2014/07/01/accepted PY - 2014/7/24/entrez PY - 2014/7/24/pubmed PY - 2015/12/15/medline KW - 3D interactive models KW - Fabricius KW - Gray KW - Vesalius KW - anatomical illustrations KW - computer technology KW - history of medical illustrations KW - review, Vigevano KW - software systems SP - 175 EP - 88 JF - Anatomical sciences education JO - Anat Sci Educ VL - 8 IS - 2 N2 - Illustrations constitute an essential element of learning anatomy in modern times. However it required a significant evolutionary process spread over centuries, for illustrations to achieve the present status in the subject of anatomy. This review article attempts to outline the evolutionary process by highlighting on the works of esteemed anatomists in a chronological manner. Available literature suggests that illustrations were not used in anatomy during the classical period when the subject was dominated by the descriptive text of Galen. Guido da Vigevano was first to use illustrations in anatomy during the Late Middle Ages and this concept developed further during the Renaissance period when Andreas Vesalius pioneered in illustrations becoming an indispensable tool in conveying anatomical details. Toward later stages of the Renaissance period, Fabricius ab Aquapendente endeavored to restrict dramatization of anatomical illustrations which was a prevalent trend in early Renaissance. During the 18th century, anatomical artwork was characterized by the individual styles of prominent anatomists leading to suppression of anatomical details. In the 19th century, Henry Gray used illustrations in his anatomical masterpiece that focused on depicting anatomical structures and were free from any artistic style. From early part of the 20th century medical images and photographs started to complement traditional handmade anatomical illustrations. Computer technology and advanced software systems played a key role in the evolution of anatomical illustrations during the late 20th century resulting in new generation 3D image datasets that are being used in the 21st century in innovative formats for teaching and learning anatomy. SN - 1935-9780 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25053471/Evolution_of_illustrations_in_anatomy:_a_study_from_the_classical_period_in_Europe_to_modern_times_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1479 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -