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Relationship between cystatin C and metabolic syndrome among Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women without recognized chronic kidney disease.
Menopause. 2015 Feb; 22(2):217-23.M

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Although studies have shown that elevated cystatin C (Cys-C) levels are associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the general population, few studies have examined the relationship between serum Cys-C levels and MetS, stratified by menopause status, among women in China. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess the relationship between Cys-C levels and MetS in Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

METHODS

We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data of 1,428 Chinese community-dwelling women who participated in the annual health checkup. MetS was defined by the updated National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the association between Cys-C levels and MetS. One-way analysis of variance, followed by posttest for linear trends, was performed to evaluate the relationships between Cys-C levels and the number of MetS components. Ordinal regression analysis was used to determine whether menopause status and MetS components contribute to elevated levels of Cys-C.

RESULTS

The mean level of Cys-C was significantly higher in women with MetS than in those without MetS among both premenopausal and postmenopausal women, showing a progressive increase (P for trend < 0.001) in parallel with the progressive increment in the number of MetS components in all women. Higher Cys-C levels were found to be associated with the presence of MetS after adjusting for age, body mass index, and estimated glomerular filtration rate in all women. The higher odds ratio changed little, even after further adjustment for serum blood nitrogen, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, drinking status, and smoking status. Elevated Cys-C level was significantly associated with postmenopause status (P = 0.007), increased waist circumference (P = 0.006), and elevated blood pressure (P = 0.025).

CONCLUSIONS

Higher serum Cys-C levels are positively and independently associated with the presence of MetS in Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Elevated Cys-C levels are significantly associated with postmenopause status.

Authors+Show Affiliations

From the Departments of 1Clinical Nutrition, 2Medical Examination Center, and 3Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China Academic Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25072954

Citation

Liu, Pengju, et al. "Relationship Between Cystatin C and Metabolic Syndrome Among Chinese Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women Without Recognized Chronic Kidney Disease." Menopause (New York, N.Y.), vol. 22, no. 2, 2015, pp. 217-23.
Liu P, Ma F, Lou H, et al. Relationship between cystatin C and metabolic syndrome among Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women without recognized chronic kidney disease. Menopause. 2015;22(2):217-23.
Liu, P., Ma, F., Lou, H., & Zhu, Y. (2015). Relationship between cystatin C and metabolic syndrome among Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women without recognized chronic kidney disease. Menopause (New York, N.Y.), 22(2), 217-23. https://doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000000306
Liu P, et al. Relationship Between Cystatin C and Metabolic Syndrome Among Chinese Premenopausal and Postmenopausal Women Without Recognized Chronic Kidney Disease. Menopause. 2015;22(2):217-23. PubMed PMID: 25072954.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship between cystatin C and metabolic syndrome among Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women without recognized chronic kidney disease. AU - Liu,Pengju, AU - Ma,Fang, AU - Lou,Huiping, AU - Zhu,Yanning, PY - 2014/7/30/entrez PY - 2014/7/30/pubmed PY - 2016/2/26/medline SP - 217 EP - 23 JF - Menopause (New York, N.Y.) JO - Menopause VL - 22 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Although studies have shown that elevated cystatin C (Cys-C) levels are associated with the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the general population, few studies have examined the relationship between serum Cys-C levels and MetS, stratified by menopause status, among women in China. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess the relationship between Cys-C levels and MetS in Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of the baseline data of 1,428 Chinese community-dwelling women who participated in the annual health checkup. MetS was defined by the updated National Cholesterol Education Program/Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the association between Cys-C levels and MetS. One-way analysis of variance, followed by posttest for linear trends, was performed to evaluate the relationships between Cys-C levels and the number of MetS components. Ordinal regression analysis was used to determine whether menopause status and MetS components contribute to elevated levels of Cys-C. RESULTS: The mean level of Cys-C was significantly higher in women with MetS than in those without MetS among both premenopausal and postmenopausal women, showing a progressive increase (P for trend < 0.001) in parallel with the progressive increment in the number of MetS components in all women. Higher Cys-C levels were found to be associated with the presence of MetS after adjusting for age, body mass index, and estimated glomerular filtration rate in all women. The higher odds ratio changed little, even after further adjustment for serum blood nitrogen, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, drinking status, and smoking status. Elevated Cys-C level was significantly associated with postmenopause status (P = 0.007), increased waist circumference (P = 0.006), and elevated blood pressure (P = 0.025). CONCLUSIONS: Higher serum Cys-C levels are positively and independently associated with the presence of MetS in Chinese premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Elevated Cys-C levels are significantly associated with postmenopause status. SN - 1530-0374 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25072954/Relationship_between_cystatin_C_and_metabolic_syndrome_among_Chinese_premenopausal_and_postmenopausal_women_without_recognized_chronic_kidney_disease_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/GME.0000000000000306 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -