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Associations between weight status and liking scores for sweet, salt and fat according to the gender in adults (The Nutrinet-Santé study).
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015 Jan; 69(1):40-6.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

As taste preferences may be associated with obesity, the present study investigated whether obese subjects presented heightened liking for the sensations of sweet, salt and fat.

SUBJECTS/METHODS

Liking scores were determined by a questionnaire including 83 items on liking for sweet or fatty foods, and the preferred extent of seasoning with salt, sweet or fat. Data from 46909 adults included in the French web-based observational cohort of the Nutrinet-Santé study were collected and weighted according to the national population census. Relationships between liking scores and body mass index (BMI) as categorical or linear explanatory variable were assessed separately by gender using covariance and linear regression analyses, adjusted for age, education level, living area, smoking and alcohol.

RESULTS

Overall liking scores for salt and fat were linearly positively linked to BMI in men and women (P≤0.001) and were higher in obese than in normal-weight individuals. The score difference between BMI categories was greater in women for fat liking only. For sweet liking, results differed between gender and compounding factors. Liking for added sugar and sweet foods was positively linked to BMI in women unlike in men; liking for natural sweetness was negatively linked to BMI in both genders.

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrates that the relationship between liking and BMI differs according to the gender in its magnitude for fat and in its nature for sweet, unlike that for salt. Liking for sweet and fat may be linked to overconsumption of the corresponding foods, especially in women. This warrants further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1] INRA, Centre des Sciences du Go슩t et de l'Alimentation, UMR CNRS 6265/INRA 1324/Université de Bourgogne, F-21000 Dijon, France [2] Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en EpidémiologieNutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, Université Paris 5, Université Paris 7, Bobigny, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en EpidémiologieNutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, Université Paris 5, Université Paris 7, Bobigny, France.1] Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en EpidémiologieNutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, Université Paris 5, Université Paris 7, Bobigny, France [2] Unité de Surveillance et d'Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Institut de Veille Sanitaire/Université Paris 13, Bobigny, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en EpidémiologieNutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, Université Paris 5, Université Paris 7, Bobigny, France.Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Equipe de Recherche en EpidémiologieNutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Biostatistiques, Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, Université Paris 5, Université Paris 7, Bobigny, France.INRA, Centre des Sciences du Go슩t et de l'Alimentation, UMR CNRS 6265/INRA 1324/Université de Bourgogne, F-21000 Dijon, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25074389

Citation

Deglaire, A, et al. "Associations Between Weight Status and Liking Scores for Sweet, Salt and Fat According to the Gender in Adults (The Nutrinet-Santé Study)." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 69, no. 1, 2015, pp. 40-6.
Deglaire A, Méjean C, Castetbon K, et al. Associations between weight status and liking scores for sweet, salt and fat according to the gender in adults (The Nutrinet-Santé study). Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(1):40-6.
Deglaire, A., Méjean, C., Castetbon, K., Kesse-Guyot, E., Hercberg, S., & Schlich, P. (2015). Associations between weight status and liking scores for sweet, salt and fat according to the gender in adults (The Nutrinet-Santé study). European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69(1), 40-6. https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2014.139
Deglaire A, et al. Associations Between Weight Status and Liking Scores for Sweet, Salt and Fat According to the Gender in Adults (The Nutrinet-Santé Study). Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(1):40-6. PubMed PMID: 25074389.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between weight status and liking scores for sweet, salt and fat according to the gender in adults (The Nutrinet-Santé study). AU - Deglaire,A, AU - Méjean,C, AU - Castetbon,K, AU - Kesse-Guyot,E, AU - Hercberg,S, AU - Schlich,P, Y1 - 2014/07/30/ PY - 2013/07/25/received PY - 2014/05/12/revised PY - 2014/06/13/accepted PY - 2014/7/31/entrez PY - 2014/7/31/pubmed PY - 2015/9/10/medline SP - 40 EP - 6 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 69 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: As taste preferences may be associated with obesity, the present study investigated whether obese subjects presented heightened liking for the sensations of sweet, salt and fat. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Liking scores were determined by a questionnaire including 83 items on liking for sweet or fatty foods, and the preferred extent of seasoning with salt, sweet or fat. Data from 46909 adults included in the French web-based observational cohort of the Nutrinet-Santé study were collected and weighted according to the national population census. Relationships between liking scores and body mass index (BMI) as categorical or linear explanatory variable were assessed separately by gender using covariance and linear regression analyses, adjusted for age, education level, living area, smoking and alcohol. RESULTS: Overall liking scores for salt and fat were linearly positively linked to BMI in men and women (P≤0.001) and were higher in obese than in normal-weight individuals. The score difference between BMI categories was greater in women for fat liking only. For sweet liking, results differed between gender and compounding factors. Liking for added sugar and sweet foods was positively linked to BMI in women unlike in men; liking for natural sweetness was negatively linked to BMI in both genders. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the relationship between liking and BMI differs according to the gender in its magnitude for fat and in its nature for sweet, unlike that for salt. Liking for sweet and fat may be linked to overconsumption of the corresponding foods, especially in women. This warrants further investigation. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25074389/Associations_between_weight_status_and_liking_scores_for_sweet_salt_and_fat_according_to_the_gender_in_adults__The_Nutrinet_Santé_study__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2014.139 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -