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A cross-sectional study to examine the association between dietary patterns and risk of overweight and obesity in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents aged 10-12 years.
J Am Coll Nutr. 2014; 33(6):450-8.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the dietary patterns and examine the associations of these patterns with risk of overweight and obesity in Chinese adolescents.

METHODS

Baseline data collected between November 2003 and October 2004 from 171 boys and 180 girls aged 10-12 years who participated in the Hong Kong Adolescent Bone Health Cohort Study were analyzed. Dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and dietary pattern calculated using factor analysis. Data on demographic characteristics, weight, height, and Tanner stage were collected. Overweight and obesity were defined using The International Obesity Task Force cutoff values. Cardiovascular fitness expressed as peak oxygen consumption was predicted using the postexercise heart rate by the 3-minute step test and was used as an objective measure of physical activity. Association between dietary patterns and risk of overweight and obesity was examined using multivariate logistic regression with adjustment for demographics, puberty, and physical activity.

RESULTS

The mean (SD) age of the study sample was 11.2 (0.6) years and there were 57 (16.2%) participants who were overweight/obese. Three dietary patterns were identified, namely, vegetables-fruits, snacks-beverages, and animal foods, fats, and condiments dominated. There was no significant linear association between each dietary pattern and the risk of overweight and obesity in this sample. Instead, the risk of overweight and obesity in this sample was positively associated with pubertal stage and inversely associated with physical activity.

CONCLUSIONS

Pubertal stage and physical activity, but not dietary patterns, were important factors contributing to the risk of overweight and obesity in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Medicine and Therapeutics , The Chinese University of Hong Kong , Shatin , HONG KONG.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25079176

Citation

Chan, Ruth, et al. "A Cross-sectional Study to Examine the Association Between Dietary Patterns and Risk of Overweight and Obesity in Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents Aged 10-12 Years." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 33, no. 6, 2014, pp. 450-8.
Chan R, Chan D, Lau W, et al. A cross-sectional study to examine the association between dietary patterns and risk of overweight and obesity in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents aged 10-12 years. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(6):450-8.
Chan, R., Chan, D., Lau, W., Lo, D., Li, L., & Woo, J. (2014). A cross-sectional study to examine the association between dietary patterns and risk of overweight and obesity in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents aged 10-12 years. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 33(6), 450-8. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2013.875398
Chan R, et al. A Cross-sectional Study to Examine the Association Between Dietary Patterns and Risk of Overweight and Obesity in Hong Kong Chinese Adolescents Aged 10-12 Years. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(6):450-8. PubMed PMID: 25079176.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A cross-sectional study to examine the association between dietary patterns and risk of overweight and obesity in Hong Kong Chinese adolescents aged 10-12 years. AU - Chan,Ruth, AU - Chan,Dicken, AU - Lau,Winny, AU - Lo,Dominic, AU - Li,Liz, AU - Woo,Jean, Y1 - 2014/07/31/ PY - 2014/8/1/entrez PY - 2014/8/1/pubmed PY - 2015/7/24/medline KW - Chinese KW - dietary patterns KW - factor analysis KW - obesity SP - 450 EP - 8 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 33 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the dietary patterns and examine the associations of these patterns with risk of overweight and obesity in Chinese adolescents. METHODS: Baseline data collected between November 2003 and October 2004 from 171 boys and 180 girls aged 10-12 years who participated in the Hong Kong Adolescent Bone Health Cohort Study were analyzed. Dietary intake was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire and dietary pattern calculated using factor analysis. Data on demographic characteristics, weight, height, and Tanner stage were collected. Overweight and obesity were defined using The International Obesity Task Force cutoff values. Cardiovascular fitness expressed as peak oxygen consumption was predicted using the postexercise heart rate by the 3-minute step test and was used as an objective measure of physical activity. Association between dietary patterns and risk of overweight and obesity was examined using multivariate logistic regression with adjustment for demographics, puberty, and physical activity. RESULTS: The mean (SD) age of the study sample was 11.2 (0.6) years and there were 57 (16.2%) participants who were overweight/obese. Three dietary patterns were identified, namely, vegetables-fruits, snacks-beverages, and animal foods, fats, and condiments dominated. There was no significant linear association between each dietary pattern and the risk of overweight and obesity in this sample. Instead, the risk of overweight and obesity in this sample was positively associated with pubertal stage and inversely associated with physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Pubertal stage and physical activity, but not dietary patterns, were important factors contributing to the risk of overweight and obesity in this population. SN - 1541-1087 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25079176/A_cross_sectional_study_to_examine_the_association_between_dietary_patterns_and_risk_of_overweight_and_obesity_in_Hong_Kong_Chinese_adolescents_aged_10_12_years_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.2013.875398 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -