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Performance and physiology of pigs administered spray-dried plasma protein during the late suckling period and transported after weaning.
J Anim Sci. 2014 Oct; 92(10):4390-9.JA

Abstract

The objective was to determine the effects of spray-dried plasma protein (SDPP), given as an oral gavage during the last 5 d of suckling, on weight gain and physiology in pigs after weaning and transportation for 5 h. Pigs were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments: 1) SDPP (9.375 g) + transportation, 2) water + transportation, 3) SDPP + no transportation, and 4) water + no transportation (n = 10 barrows and 10 gilts per treatment). Pigs received 25 mL of the SDPP (0.375 g/mL) or water twice daily. There was no effect (P = 0.55) of gavage on weaning BW. On the day of weaning, BW decreased in all groups but the magnitude was greatest in SDPP pigs that were transported (gavage × transportation × time, P = 0.03). Rectal temperatures increased in all groups but were greater after transportation than after no transportation (gavage × transportation × time, P < 0.01). Effects of transportation × time existed for several blood chemistry measures. Urea and protein concentrations increased (P < 0.01) in transported pigs only. Creatinine, chloride, and albumin increased (P < 0.01) and CO2 decreased (P < 0.01) in both transported and nontransported pigs, but the magnitudes of change were greater after transportation. Concentrations of sodium increased (P < 0.01) only in transported pigs receiving water and not in the other groups (gavage × transportation × time, P < 0.01). Concentrations of phosphorous (P < 0.01) were affected by sex × gavage × transportation × time and increased (P < 0.01) in transported, water-treated gilts but not barrows. Overall changes in concentrations of urea, creatinine, chloride, CO2, protein, albumin, sodium, and phosphorous are consistent with dehydration in transported pigs in this study and in the case of sodium (both sexes) and phosphorous (gilts only), these minerals were maintained by prior gavage with SDPP. Transported pigs receiving SDPP tended (P = 0.1) to have greater concentrations of glucose than transported pigs receiving water and had similar glucose levels to nontransported pigs receiving water, suggesting that SDPP before weaning and transportation helps to maintain concentrations. Postweaning BW was affected (P = 0.01) by gavage × time and at wk 5, pigs gavaged with SDPP tended (P = 0.1) to weigh more than pigs gavaged with water. Providing SDPP before weaning prevented transportation-induced changes in some blood components and enhanced postweaning weight gain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg 24061.Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg 24061.Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg 24061.Department of Animal and Poultry Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg 24061 mestienn@vt.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25085394

Citation

Wittish, L M., et al. "Performance and Physiology of Pigs Administered Spray-dried Plasma Protein During the Late Suckling Period and Transported After Weaning." Journal of Animal Science, vol. 92, no. 10, 2014, pp. 4390-9.
Wittish LM, McElroy AP, Harper AF, et al. Performance and physiology of pigs administered spray-dried plasma protein during the late suckling period and transported after weaning. J Anim Sci. 2014;92(10):4390-9.
Wittish, L. M., McElroy, A. P., Harper, A. F., & Estienne, M. J. (2014). Performance and physiology of pigs administered spray-dried plasma protein during the late suckling period and transported after weaning. Journal of Animal Science, 92(10), 4390-9. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2014-7738
Wittish LM, et al. Performance and Physiology of Pigs Administered Spray-dried Plasma Protein During the Late Suckling Period and Transported After Weaning. J Anim Sci. 2014;92(10):4390-9. PubMed PMID: 25085394.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Performance and physiology of pigs administered spray-dried plasma protein during the late suckling period and transported after weaning. AU - Wittish,L M, AU - McElroy,A P, AU - Harper,A F, AU - Estienne,M J, Y1 - 2014/08/01/ PY - 2014/8/3/entrez PY - 2014/8/3/pubmed PY - 2015/10/24/medline KW - pigs KW - spray-dried plasma protein KW - transportation SP - 4390 EP - 9 JF - Journal of animal science JO - J. Anim. Sci. VL - 92 IS - 10 N2 - The objective was to determine the effects of spray-dried plasma protein (SDPP), given as an oral gavage during the last 5 d of suckling, on weight gain and physiology in pigs after weaning and transportation for 5 h. Pigs were assigned to 1 of 4 treatments: 1) SDPP (9.375 g) + transportation, 2) water + transportation, 3) SDPP + no transportation, and 4) water + no transportation (n = 10 barrows and 10 gilts per treatment). Pigs received 25 mL of the SDPP (0.375 g/mL) or water twice daily. There was no effect (P = 0.55) of gavage on weaning BW. On the day of weaning, BW decreased in all groups but the magnitude was greatest in SDPP pigs that were transported (gavage × transportation × time, P = 0.03). Rectal temperatures increased in all groups but were greater after transportation than after no transportation (gavage × transportation × time, P < 0.01). Effects of transportation × time existed for several blood chemistry measures. Urea and protein concentrations increased (P < 0.01) in transported pigs only. Creatinine, chloride, and albumin increased (P < 0.01) and CO2 decreased (P < 0.01) in both transported and nontransported pigs, but the magnitudes of change were greater after transportation. Concentrations of sodium increased (P < 0.01) only in transported pigs receiving water and not in the other groups (gavage × transportation × time, P < 0.01). Concentrations of phosphorous (P < 0.01) were affected by sex × gavage × transportation × time and increased (P < 0.01) in transported, water-treated gilts but not barrows. Overall changes in concentrations of urea, creatinine, chloride, CO2, protein, albumin, sodium, and phosphorous are consistent with dehydration in transported pigs in this study and in the case of sodium (both sexes) and phosphorous (gilts only), these minerals were maintained by prior gavage with SDPP. Transported pigs receiving SDPP tended (P = 0.1) to have greater concentrations of glucose than transported pigs receiving water and had similar glucose levels to nontransported pigs receiving water, suggesting that SDPP before weaning and transportation helps to maintain concentrations. Postweaning BW was affected (P = 0.01) by gavage × time and at wk 5, pigs gavaged with SDPP tended (P = 0.1) to weigh more than pigs gavaged with water. Providing SDPP before weaning prevented transportation-induced changes in some blood components and enhanced postweaning weight gain. SN - 1525-3163 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25085394/Performance_and_physiology_of_pigs_administered_spray_dried_plasma_protein_during_the_late_suckling_period_and_transported_after_weaning_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jas/article-lookup/doi/10.2527/jas.2014-7738 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -