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Antioxidant foods consumption and childhood asthma and other allergic diseases: The Greek cohorts of the ISAAC II survey.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2015 Jul-Aug; 43(4):353-60AI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Antioxidant intake changes have been implicated with the increase in asthma and allergies outcomes, but no clear association has been revealed. In this cross sectional study, the overall effect of antioxidants on asthma and allergic diseases was studied.

METHODS

Data from the cohorts of the phase II ISAAC survey (2023 children 9-10 years old) in two metropolitan Greek cities were analysed. Using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, an Antioxidant Eating Index (AEI, range 0-6) was created with the pro-antioxidant (vegetables, fruits, fresh juice, fish) and the non-antioxidant (meat, burgers) food intake and was evaluated with allergic diseases. Higher values of the score suggest closer to an "antioxidant" and lesser to a "saturated fatty" diet.

RESULTS

Prevalence of lifetime and current asthma, current rhinitis and sensitisation were higher in Thessaloniki compared to Athens. The AEI score of the entire cohort was 4.2 ± 1.2 (median 4.0) and was higher in Athens compared to Thessaloniki (4.3 ± 1.2 vs. 4.0 ± 1.2, p=0.001) and in girls than boys (4.3 ± 1.1 vs. 4.0 ± 1.2, p=0.001). AEI was inversely associated with lifetime asthma (OR: 0.87, 95%CI 0.77, 0.99) in either cities independently of other cofounders such as family history, sensitisation, exercise, house smoking, breast feeding, pet or dampness in houses. No association with other allergic disease or sensitisation was detected.

CONCLUSION

Antioxidant foods seem to be a non-pharmacological, protective dietary pattern for asthma development in children irrespectively of atopy or heredity; AEI was a rough indicator and the role of antioxidants in allergic diseases is still under consideration.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Asthma and Allergy Pediatric Unit, "KAT" General Hospital, Kifisia, Greece. Electronic address: athinapap@yahoo.com.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.3rd Department of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, Aristoteleio University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.Department of Nursing, University of Athens, Greece.3rd Department of Paediatrics, School of Medicine, Aristoteleio University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.Evgenidio Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Athens, Greece.Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergy Units, 3rd Department of Paediatrics, "Attikon" Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece.Paediatric Pulmonology and Allergy Units, 3rd Department of Paediatrics, "Attikon" Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Athens, Greece.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25097022

Citation

Papadopoulou, A, et al. "Antioxidant Foods Consumption and Childhood Asthma and Other Allergic Diseases: the Greek Cohorts of the ISAAC II Survey." Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, vol. 43, no. 4, 2015, pp. 353-60.
Papadopoulou A, Panagiotakos DB, Hatziagorou E, et al. Antioxidant foods consumption and childhood asthma and other allergic diseases: The Greek cohorts of the ISAAC II survey. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2015;43(4):353-60.
Papadopoulou, A., Panagiotakos, D. B., Hatziagorou, E., Antonogeorgos, G., Matziou, V. N., Tsanakas, J. N., ... Priftis, K. N. (2015). Antioxidant foods consumption and childhood asthma and other allergic diseases: The Greek cohorts of the ISAAC II survey. Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, 43(4), pp. 353-60. doi:10.1016/j.aller.2014.03.002.
Papadopoulou A, et al. Antioxidant Foods Consumption and Childhood Asthma and Other Allergic Diseases: the Greek Cohorts of the ISAAC II Survey. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2015;43(4):353-60. PubMed PMID: 25097022.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Antioxidant foods consumption and childhood asthma and other allergic diseases: The Greek cohorts of the ISAAC II survey. AU - Papadopoulou,A, AU - Panagiotakos,D B, AU - Hatziagorou,E, AU - Antonogeorgos,G, AU - Matziou,V N, AU - Tsanakas,J N, AU - Gratziou,C, AU - Tsabouri,S, AU - Priftis,K N, Y1 - 2014/08/03/ PY - 2013/12/28/received PY - 2014/03/05/revised PY - 2014/03/07/accepted PY - 2014/8/7/entrez PY - 2014/8/7/pubmed PY - 2016/4/16/medline KW - Allergy KW - Antioxidants KW - Asthma KW - Children KW - Diet KW - ISAAC SP - 353 EP - 60 JF - Allergologia et immunopathologia JO - Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) VL - 43 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Antioxidant intake changes have been implicated with the increase in asthma and allergies outcomes, but no clear association has been revealed. In this cross sectional study, the overall effect of antioxidants on asthma and allergic diseases was studied. METHODS: Data from the cohorts of the phase II ISAAC survey (2023 children 9-10 years old) in two metropolitan Greek cities were analysed. Using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, an Antioxidant Eating Index (AEI, range 0-6) was created with the pro-antioxidant (vegetables, fruits, fresh juice, fish) and the non-antioxidant (meat, burgers) food intake and was evaluated with allergic diseases. Higher values of the score suggest closer to an "antioxidant" and lesser to a "saturated fatty" diet. RESULTS: Prevalence of lifetime and current asthma, current rhinitis and sensitisation were higher in Thessaloniki compared to Athens. The AEI score of the entire cohort was 4.2 ± 1.2 (median 4.0) and was higher in Athens compared to Thessaloniki (4.3 ± 1.2 vs. 4.0 ± 1.2, p=0.001) and in girls than boys (4.3 ± 1.1 vs. 4.0 ± 1.2, p=0.001). AEI was inversely associated with lifetime asthma (OR: 0.87, 95%CI 0.77, 0.99) in either cities independently of other cofounders such as family history, sensitisation, exercise, house smoking, breast feeding, pet or dampness in houses. No association with other allergic disease or sensitisation was detected. CONCLUSION: Antioxidant foods seem to be a non-pharmacological, protective dietary pattern for asthma development in children irrespectively of atopy or heredity; AEI was a rough indicator and the role of antioxidants in allergic diseases is still under consideration. SN - 1578-1267 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25097022/Antioxidant_foods_consumption_and_childhood_asthma_and_other_allergic_diseases:_The_Greek_cohorts_of_the_ISAAC_II_survey_ L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/ft/pii/S0301-0546(14)00096-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -