Lipoprotein particle profiles compared with standard lipids in association with coronary artery calcification in the general Japanese population.Atherosclerosis 2014; 236(2):237-43A
The utility of lipoprotein particle profiles measured by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy beyond standard serum lipids remains inconclusive. Furthermore, few studies have compared NMR measurements with standard lipids in association with coronary artery calcification (CAC) in Japanese, where the coronary atherosclerotic burden is low. We examined whether NMR-based lipoprotein particle profiles are associated with CAC, and compared them with standard lipid and lipid ratios in the Japanese general population.
METHODS AND RESULTS
We conducted a cross-sectional study in 851 men aged 40-79 years without cardiovascular diseases and lipid-lowering therapies. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) (95% confidence intervals) for the top versus the bottom quartile of NMR-measured particle concentrations were 2.01 (1.24-3.23) for low-density lipoprotein (LDL-P), 1.04 (0.62-1.75) for high-density lipoprotein (HDL-P), 1.82 (1.13-2.95) for very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-P), and 1.92 (1.18-3.17) for LDL-P/HDL-P ratio. Similarly adjusted ORs of NMR-measured particle sizes were 0.59 (0.36-0.97) for LDL-P, 0.66 (0.40-1.10) for HDL-P, and 0.67 (0.40-1.12) for VLDL-P. The corresponding ORs were 1.82 (1.14-2.90) for total cholesterol (TC), 2.06 (1.28-3.30) for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), 0.56 (0.34-0.91) for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), 2.02 (1.24-3.29) for triglycerides, 2.08 (1.29-3.36) for non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), 2.27 (1.37-3.78) for TC/HDL-C ratio, and 1.73 (1.06-2.85) for LDL-C/HDL-C ratio. After mutual adjustment for total LDL-P concentration and TC/HDL-C ratio or non-HDL-C, LDL-P was no longer associated, whereas TC/HDL-C ratio remained significantly associated with CAC.
In community-based Japanese men, the overall association of CAC with NMR-measured lipoprotein indices is comparable, but not superior, to that with standard lipids.