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Global assessment of select phytonutrient intakes by level of fruit and vegetable consumption.

Abstract

Despite dietary recommendations that have repeatedly underscored the importance of increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables, intakes worldwide are lower than recommended levels. Consequently, the diets of many individuals may be lacking in nutrients and phytonutrients typical of a diet rich in a variety of fruits and vegetables. In the present study, we estimated phytonutrient intakes by adults categorised by sex, level of fruit and vegetable consumption (< 5 v. ≥ 5 servings/d), and geographic diet cluster. Intakes of nine select phytonutrients were estimated from the 2002-4 World Health Survey fruit and vegetable servings intake data (n 198,637), the FAO supply utilisation accounts data, and phytonutrient concentration data obtained from the US Department of Agriculture databases and the published literature. Percentage contributions to each phytonutrient intake from fruit and vegetable sources were also estimated. Estimated intakes of phytonutrients from fruits and vegetables varied across the thirteen geographic diet clusters, reflecting regional differences in both numbers and proportions of fruit and vegetable servings consumed, and the specific types of fruits and vegetables available in the diet. The mean phytonutrient intakes by adults consuming ≥ 5 servings/d of fruits and vegetables were approximately 2- to 6-fold the mean phytonutrient intakes by adults with low fruit and vegetable consumption (< 5 servings/d). In some cases, phytonutrient intakes by adults consuming ≥ 5 servings/d of fruits and vegetables in one geographic diet cluster were lower than the intakes by adults reporting < 5 servings/d in another cluster. The findings from this assessment provide important information regarding the major dietary patterns of phytonutrient intakes across geographic diet clusters.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Exponent, Inc.,1150 Connecticut Avenue, Northwest, Suite 1100,Washington,DC20036,USA.

    ,

    Exponent, Inc.,1150 Connecticut Avenue, Northwest, Suite 1100,Washington,DC20036,USA.

    ,

    Exponent, Inc.,1150 Connecticut Avenue, Northwest, Suite 1100,Washington,DC20036,USA.

    ,

    Department of Family and Consumer Sciences,California State University,Northridge,CA91330,USA.

    Nutrilite Health Institute,Buena Park,CA90621,USA.

    Source

    The British journal of nutrition 112:6 2014 Sep 28 pg 1004-18

    MeSH

    Adult
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Databases, Factual
    Diet
    Diet Surveys
    Female
    Fruit
    Global Health
    Health Promotion
    Humans
    Male
    Nutrition Assessment
    Nutrition Policy
    Nutritive Value
    Patient Compliance
    Phytochemicals
    United Nations
    Vegetables
    World Health Organization

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    25108700

    Citation

    Murphy, Mary M., et al. "Global Assessment of Select Phytonutrient Intakes By Level of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 112, no. 6, 2014, pp. 1004-18.
    Murphy MM, Barraj LM, Spungen JH, et al. Global assessment of select phytonutrient intakes by level of fruit and vegetable consumption. Br J Nutr. 2014;112(6):1004-18.
    Murphy, M. M., Barraj, L. M., Spungen, J. H., Herman, D. R., & Randolph, R. K. (2014). Global assessment of select phytonutrient intakes by level of fruit and vegetable consumption. The British Journal of Nutrition, 112(6), pp. 1004-18. doi:10.1017/S0007114514001937.
    Murphy MM, et al. Global Assessment of Select Phytonutrient Intakes By Level of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. Br J Nutr. 2014 Sep 28;112(6):1004-18. PubMed PMID: 25108700.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Global assessment of select phytonutrient intakes by level of fruit and vegetable consumption. AU - Murphy,Mary M, AU - Barraj,Leila M, AU - Spungen,Judith H, AU - Herman,Dena R, AU - Randolph,R Keith, Y1 - 2014/08/11/ PY - 2014/8/11/entrez PY - 2014/8/12/pubmed PY - 2014/12/15/medline SP - 1004 EP - 18 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 112 IS - 6 N2 - Despite dietary recommendations that have repeatedly underscored the importance of increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables, intakes worldwide are lower than recommended levels. Consequently, the diets of many individuals may be lacking in nutrients and phytonutrients typical of a diet rich in a variety of fruits and vegetables. In the present study, we estimated phytonutrient intakes by adults categorised by sex, level of fruit and vegetable consumption (< 5 v. ≥ 5 servings/d), and geographic diet cluster. Intakes of nine select phytonutrients were estimated from the 2002-4 World Health Survey fruit and vegetable servings intake data (n 198,637), the FAO supply utilisation accounts data, and phytonutrient concentration data obtained from the US Department of Agriculture databases and the published literature. Percentage contributions to each phytonutrient intake from fruit and vegetable sources were also estimated. Estimated intakes of phytonutrients from fruits and vegetables varied across the thirteen geographic diet clusters, reflecting regional differences in both numbers and proportions of fruit and vegetable servings consumed, and the specific types of fruits and vegetables available in the diet. The mean phytonutrient intakes by adults consuming ≥ 5 servings/d of fruits and vegetables were approximately 2- to 6-fold the mean phytonutrient intakes by adults with low fruit and vegetable consumption (< 5 servings/d). In some cases, phytonutrient intakes by adults consuming ≥ 5 servings/d of fruits and vegetables in one geographic diet cluster were lower than the intakes by adults reporting < 5 servings/d in another cluster. The findings from this assessment provide important information regarding the major dietary patterns of phytonutrient intakes across geographic diet clusters. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25108700/Global_assessment_of_select_phytonutrient_intakes_by_level_of_fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_ L2 - http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0007114514001937 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -