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Importance of government policies and other influences in transforming global diets.
Nutr Rev. 2014 Sep; 72(9):591-604.NR

Abstract

The Second International Conference on Nutrition, organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization, will take place in November 2014. In 1992, the First International Conference on Nutrition declared, "Hunger and malnutrition are unacceptable." Twenty-two years later, it is timely to revisit the state of global nutrition and examine the forces that have brought change to diets worldwide. Calorie availability has increased throughout the world, even in the least-developed countries, where per capita availability has grown by 10%. As a consequence, the proportion of undernourished people has fallen, yet obesity has emerged as a major public health concern, primarily in developed countries but also among the growing middle classes in middle- and low-income countries. Globally, the nutrition transition has been affected by increased intakes of livestock products, processed foods, and fast foods. These changes are most readily explained by economic growth, urbanization, and globalization. International trade and liberalization of investment have been the key policy drivers of dietary change.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food Economics and Marketing, University of Reading, Reading, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25110040

Citation

Traill, W Bruce, et al. "Importance of Government Policies and Other Influences in Transforming Global Diets." Nutrition Reviews, vol. 72, no. 9, 2014, pp. 591-604.
Traill WB, Mazzocchi M, Shankar B, et al. Importance of government policies and other influences in transforming global diets. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(9):591-604.
Traill, W. B., Mazzocchi, M., Shankar, B., & Hallam, D. (2014). Importance of government policies and other influences in transforming global diets. Nutrition Reviews, 72(9), 591-604. https://doi.org/10.1111/nure.12134
Traill WB, et al. Importance of Government Policies and Other Influences in Transforming Global Diets. Nutr Rev. 2014;72(9):591-604. PubMed PMID: 25110040.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Importance of government policies and other influences in transforming global diets. AU - Traill,W Bruce, AU - Mazzocchi,Mario, AU - Shankar,Bhavani, AU - Hallam,David, Y1 - 2014/08/08/ PY - 2014/8/12/entrez PY - 2014/8/12/pubmed PY - 2014/11/6/medline KW - diet KW - food KW - globalization KW - policy SP - 591 EP - 604 JF - Nutrition reviews JO - Nutr Rev VL - 72 IS - 9 N2 - The Second International Conference on Nutrition, organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization, will take place in November 2014. In 1992, the First International Conference on Nutrition declared, "Hunger and malnutrition are unacceptable." Twenty-two years later, it is timely to revisit the state of global nutrition and examine the forces that have brought change to diets worldwide. Calorie availability has increased throughout the world, even in the least-developed countries, where per capita availability has grown by 10%. As a consequence, the proportion of undernourished people has fallen, yet obesity has emerged as a major public health concern, primarily in developed countries but also among the growing middle classes in middle- and low-income countries. Globally, the nutrition transition has been affected by increased intakes of livestock products, processed foods, and fast foods. These changes are most readily explained by economic growth, urbanization, and globalization. International trade and liberalization of investment have been the key policy drivers of dietary change. SN - 1753-4887 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25110040/Importance_of_government_policies_and_other_influences_in_transforming_global_diets_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nutritionreviews/article-lookup/doi/10.1111/nure.12134 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -