Nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for GATA2 deficiency.Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2014 Dec; 20(12):1940-8.BB
We treated 14 patients with GATA2 deficiency using a nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation regimen. Four patients received peripheral blood stem cells from matched related donors (MRD), 4 patients received peripheral blood stem cells from matched unrelated donors (URD), 4 patients received hematopoietic stem cells from umbilical cord blood donors (UCB), and 2 patients received bone marrow cells from haploidentical related donors. MRD and URD recipients received conditioning with 3 days of fludarabine and 200 cGy total body irradiation (TBI). Haploidentical related donor recipients and UCB recipients received cyclophosphamide and 2 additional days of fludarabine along with 200 cGY TBI. MRD, URD, and UCB recipients received tacrolimus and sirolimus for post-transplantation immunosuppression, whereas haploidentical recipients received high-dose cyclophosphamide followed by tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil. Eight patients are alive with reconstitution of the severely deficient monocyte, B cell, and natural killer cell populations and reversal of the clinical phenotype at a median follow-up of 3.5 years. Two patients (1 URD recipient and 1 UCB recipient) rejected the donor graft and 1 MRD recipient relapsed with myelodysplastic syndrome after transplantation. We are currently using a high-dose conditioning regimen with busulfan and fludarabine in patients with GATA2 deficiency to achieve more consistent engraftment and eradication of the malignant myeloid clones.