Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Associations of sugar-containing beverages with asthma prevalence in 11-year-old children: the PIAMA birth cohort.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2015; 69(3):303-8EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES

Recently, a few studies have linked soft drink consumption to increased asthma risk, but the contribution of different types of soft drinks is unknown. We investigated cross-sectional associations between six different types of soft drinks and asthma in 11-year-old children.

SUBJECTS/METHODS

We analyzed data of 2406 children participating in the Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy birth cohort. At age 11, children self-reported consumption of sugar-added drinks, diet drinks, sweetened milk drinks, 100% fruit juice, energy drinks and sport drinks. The definition of asthma was based on parental reports of wheezing, prescription of inhaled corticosteroids and doctor's diagnosis of asthma.

RESULTS

The prevalence of asthma in this study was 5.8%. In adjusted logistic regression analyses, asthma risk was increased for high (⩾10 glasses/week (gl/wk) versus low (<4 gl/wk) consumption of 100% fruit juice (odds ratio (OR): 2.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.21-3.60), sugar-added drinks (OR: 1.56, 95%CI: 0.95-2.56) and for very high (>21.5 gl/wk) versus low (<12.5 gl/wk) total sugar-containing beverage (SCB) consumption (OR: 1.91, 95%CI: 1.04-3.48). Consumption of other beverages and consumption of fruit were not associated with increased asthma risk. No evidence for mediation of the observed associations by body mass index was found.

CONCLUSIONS

This study indicates that high consumption of 100% fruit juice and total SCBs is associated with increased asthma risk in children. The positive association between consumption of 100% fruit juice and asthma is an unexpected finding that needs confirmation in future studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1] Center for Nutrition, Prevention, and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands [2] Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.Center for Nutrition, Prevention, and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.Division of Environmental Epidemiology, Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and Pediatric Allergology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Beatrix Children's Hospital, GRIAC Research Institute, Groningen, The Netherlands.Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.Center for Nutrition, Prevention, and Health Services, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25117998

Citation

Berentzen, N E., et al. "Associations of Sugar-containing Beverages With Asthma Prevalence in 11-year-old Children: the PIAMA Birth Cohort." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 69, no. 3, 2015, pp. 303-8.
Berentzen NE, van Stokkom VL, Gehring U, et al. Associations of sugar-containing beverages with asthma prevalence in 11-year-old children: the PIAMA birth cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(3):303-8.
Berentzen, N. E., van Stokkom, V. L., Gehring, U., Koppelman, G. H., Schaap, L. A., Smit, H. A., & Wijga, A. H. (2015). Associations of sugar-containing beverages with asthma prevalence in 11-year-old children: the PIAMA birth cohort. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 69(3), pp. 303-8. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2014.153.
Berentzen NE, et al. Associations of Sugar-containing Beverages With Asthma Prevalence in 11-year-old Children: the PIAMA Birth Cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2015;69(3):303-8. PubMed PMID: 25117998.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations of sugar-containing beverages with asthma prevalence in 11-year-old children: the PIAMA birth cohort. AU - Berentzen,N E, AU - van Stokkom,V L, AU - Gehring,U, AU - Koppelman,G H, AU - Schaap,L A, AU - Smit,H A, AU - Wijga,A H, Y1 - 2014/08/13/ PY - 2014/04/15/received PY - 2014/06/13/revised PY - 2014/07/04/accepted PY - 2014/8/14/entrez PY - 2014/8/15/pubmed PY - 2015/11/13/medline SP - 303 EP - 8 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 69 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Recently, a few studies have linked soft drink consumption to increased asthma risk, but the contribution of different types of soft drinks is unknown. We investigated cross-sectional associations between six different types of soft drinks and asthma in 11-year-old children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We analyzed data of 2406 children participating in the Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy birth cohort. At age 11, children self-reported consumption of sugar-added drinks, diet drinks, sweetened milk drinks, 100% fruit juice, energy drinks and sport drinks. The definition of asthma was based on parental reports of wheezing, prescription of inhaled corticosteroids and doctor's diagnosis of asthma. RESULTS: The prevalence of asthma in this study was 5.8%. In adjusted logistic regression analyses, asthma risk was increased for high (⩾10 glasses/week (gl/wk) versus low (<4 gl/wk) consumption of 100% fruit juice (odds ratio (OR): 2.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.21-3.60), sugar-added drinks (OR: 1.56, 95%CI: 0.95-2.56) and for very high (>21.5 gl/wk) versus low (<12.5 gl/wk) total sugar-containing beverage (SCB) consumption (OR: 1.91, 95%CI: 1.04-3.48). Consumption of other beverages and consumption of fruit were not associated with increased asthma risk. No evidence for mediation of the observed associations by body mass index was found. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that high consumption of 100% fruit juice and total SCBs is associated with increased asthma risk in children. The positive association between consumption of 100% fruit juice and asthma is an unexpected finding that needs confirmation in future studies. SN - 1476-5640 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25117998/Associations_of_sugar_containing_beverages_with_asthma_prevalence_in_11_year_old_children:_the_PIAMA_birth_cohort_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2014.153 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -