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A Study of Etiological Pattern in an Epidemic of Acute Febrile Illness during Monsoon in a Tertiary Health Care Institute of Uttarakhand, India.
J Clin Diagn Res 2014; 8(6):MC01-3JC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Many parts of India are endemic for the dengue, malaria, typhoid and scrub typhus infections. The relative contribution of these illnesses in an outbreak of acute febrile illness is not known in this region.

OBJECTIVE

The present study was conducted to find out the etiological pattern in an epidemic of acute febrile illness in Uttarakhand during the monsoon period. The study also focuses on concurrent infections and tries to find out the mortality outcomes.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A retrospective study of four months was conducted on 1141 patients who presented with fever, and were suspected to have dengue, malaria, typhoid or scrub typhus. Patients of 12-years of age or above were included in the study. Serological tests for dengue, malaria, typhoid and scrub typhus were performed. Slides for malaria parasite were examined. In case of enteric fever only culture positive cases were included in the study.

RESULT

Among the 1141 febrile patients dengue was detected in 812(71.2 %), malaria in 146(12.8%), typhoid in 92(8.1%) and scrub typhus in 69(6.0%) cases. Mixed infection was noted in 22(1.9%).

CONCLUSION

Maximum (71.2 %) cases of fever were caused by dengue but significant number (32.3%) of patients suffered from malaria typhoid and scrub typhus. Many (1.9%) suffered from concurrent and multiple infections.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, SGRR Institute of Medical & Health Sciences , Patel Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India .Professor, Department of Medicine, SGRR Institute of Medical & Health Sciences , Patel Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India .Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, SGRR Institute of Medical & Health Sciences , Patel Nagar, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India .

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25121013

Citation

Singh, Ragini, et al. "A Study of Etiological Pattern in an Epidemic of Acute Febrile Illness During Monsoon in a Tertiary Health Care Institute of Uttarakhand, India." Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research : JCDR, vol. 8, no. 6, 2014, pp. MC01-3.
Singh R, Singh SP, Ahmad N. A Study of Etiological Pattern in an Epidemic of Acute Febrile Illness during Monsoon in a Tertiary Health Care Institute of Uttarakhand, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(6):MC01-3.
Singh, R., Singh, S. P., & Ahmad, N. (2014). A Study of Etiological Pattern in an Epidemic of Acute Febrile Illness during Monsoon in a Tertiary Health Care Institute of Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research : JCDR, 8(6), pp. MC01-3. doi:10.7860/JCDR/2014/8965.4435.
Singh R, Singh SP, Ahmad N. A Study of Etiological Pattern in an Epidemic of Acute Febrile Illness During Monsoon in a Tertiary Health Care Institute of Uttarakhand, India. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014;8(6):MC01-3. PubMed PMID: 25121013.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Study of Etiological Pattern in an Epidemic of Acute Febrile Illness during Monsoon in a Tertiary Health Care Institute of Uttarakhand, India. AU - Singh,Ragini, AU - Singh,S P, AU - Ahmad,Niaz, Y1 - 2014/06/20/ PY - 2014/02/18/received PY - 2014/04/19/accepted PY - 2014/8/15/entrez PY - 2014/8/15/pubmed PY - 2014/8/15/medline KW - Dengue KW - Epidemic KW - Malaria KW - Scrub typhus Typhoid SP - MC01 EP - 3 JF - Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR JO - J Clin Diagn Res VL - 8 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: Many parts of India are endemic for the dengue, malaria, typhoid and scrub typhus infections. The relative contribution of these illnesses in an outbreak of acute febrile illness is not known in this region. OBJECTIVE: The present study was conducted to find out the etiological pattern in an epidemic of acute febrile illness in Uttarakhand during the monsoon period. The study also focuses on concurrent infections and tries to find out the mortality outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of four months was conducted on 1141 patients who presented with fever, and were suspected to have dengue, malaria, typhoid or scrub typhus. Patients of 12-years of age or above were included in the study. Serological tests for dengue, malaria, typhoid and scrub typhus were performed. Slides for malaria parasite were examined. In case of enteric fever only culture positive cases were included in the study. RESULT: Among the 1141 febrile patients dengue was detected in 812(71.2 %), malaria in 146(12.8%), typhoid in 92(8.1%) and scrub typhus in 69(6.0%) cases. Mixed infection was noted in 22(1.9%). CONCLUSION: Maximum (71.2 %) cases of fever were caused by dengue but significant number (32.3%) of patients suffered from malaria typhoid and scrub typhus. Many (1.9%) suffered from concurrent and multiple infections. SN - 2249-782X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25121013/A_Study_of_Etiological_Pattern_in_an_Epidemic_of_Acute_Febrile_Illness_during_Monsoon_in_a_Tertiary_Health_Care_Institute_of_Uttarakhand_India_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/25121013/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -