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Psychiatric correlates of injection risk behavior among young people who inject drugs.
Psychol Addict Behav. 2014 Dec; 28(4):1089-95.PA

Abstract

People who inject drugs (PWID) and have mental health conditions, such as major depression, an anxiety disorder, or antisocial or borderline personality disorder, may have elevated risk for HIV and HCV infection. This study examined the associations between psychiatric disorders and risky injection behavior in an out-of-treatment sample of young PWID. We recruited participants through outreach and respondent-driven sampling (RDS). Participants completed a computer-assisted self-interview and a psychiatric interview. Interviews took place at a community-based field site of the Community Outreach Intervention Projects. Participants were 570 young adults (18 to 25 years) who injected drugs in the previous 30 days. Psychiatric diagnoses were based on interviews using the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM). Injection behavior was classified into 3 categories: receptive syringe sharing, other equipment sharing only, and no sharing. Associations between injection risk behavior and psychiatric diagnoses were tested using RDS-weighted multinomial regressions. Substance-induced lifetime and past-year major depression, and borderline personality disorder, were significantly associated with a greater likelihood of receptive syringe sharing (p < .001). Substance-induced major depression in the past year was also associated with nonsyringe equipment sharing (p < .01). Primary major depression, antisocial personality disorder, and anxiety disorders other than posttraumatic stress disorder were slightly more prevalent among injectors who shared syringes; however, the associations were not statistically significant. Substance-induced major depression and borderline personality disorder are common among young PWID and are associated with risky injection behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health.Department of Psychiatry.Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25134053

Citation

Mackesy-Amiti, Mary Ellen, et al. "Psychiatric Correlates of Injection Risk Behavior Among Young People Who Inject Drugs." Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, vol. 28, no. 4, 2014, pp. 1089-95.
Mackesy-Amiti ME, Donenberg GR, Ouellet LJ. Psychiatric correlates of injection risk behavior among young people who inject drugs. Psychol Addict Behav. 2014;28(4):1089-95.
Mackesy-Amiti, M. E., Donenberg, G. R., & Ouellet, L. J. (2014). Psychiatric correlates of injection risk behavior among young people who inject drugs. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors : Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors, 28(4), 1089-95. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036390
Mackesy-Amiti ME, Donenberg GR, Ouellet LJ. Psychiatric Correlates of Injection Risk Behavior Among Young People Who Inject Drugs. Psychol Addict Behav. 2014;28(4):1089-95. PubMed PMID: 25134053.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychiatric correlates of injection risk behavior among young people who inject drugs. AU - Mackesy-Amiti,Mary Ellen, AU - Donenberg,Geri R, AU - Ouellet,Lawrence J, Y1 - 2014/08/18/ PY - 2014/8/19/entrez PY - 2014/8/19/pubmed PY - 2016/5/25/medline SP - 1089 EP - 95 JF - Psychology of addictive behaviors : journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors JO - Psychol Addict Behav VL - 28 IS - 4 N2 - People who inject drugs (PWID) and have mental health conditions, such as major depression, an anxiety disorder, or antisocial or borderline personality disorder, may have elevated risk for HIV and HCV infection. This study examined the associations between psychiatric disorders and risky injection behavior in an out-of-treatment sample of young PWID. We recruited participants through outreach and respondent-driven sampling (RDS). Participants completed a computer-assisted self-interview and a psychiatric interview. Interviews took place at a community-based field site of the Community Outreach Intervention Projects. Participants were 570 young adults (18 to 25 years) who injected drugs in the previous 30 days. Psychiatric diagnoses were based on interviews using the Psychiatric Research Interview for Substance and Mental Disorders (PRISM). Injection behavior was classified into 3 categories: receptive syringe sharing, other equipment sharing only, and no sharing. Associations between injection risk behavior and psychiatric diagnoses were tested using RDS-weighted multinomial regressions. Substance-induced lifetime and past-year major depression, and borderline personality disorder, were significantly associated with a greater likelihood of receptive syringe sharing (p < .001). Substance-induced major depression in the past year was also associated with nonsyringe equipment sharing (p < .01). Primary major depression, antisocial personality disorder, and anxiety disorders other than posttraumatic stress disorder were slightly more prevalent among injectors who shared syringes; however, the associations were not statistically significant. Substance-induced major depression and borderline personality disorder are common among young PWID and are associated with risky injection behavior. SN - 1939-1501 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25134053/Psychiatric_correlates_of_injection_risk_behavior_among_young_people_who_inject_drugs_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/adb/28/4/1089 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -