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Treatment effects of a fixed intermaxillary device to correct class II malocclusions in growing patients.
Prog Orthod. 2014; 15:45.PO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The objective of this study was to evaluate the treatment effects of Forsus™ Fatigue Resistant Device (FRD; 3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) in growing patients with Class II non-extraction malocclusions.

METHODS

A retrospective sample of 24 class II patients treated consecutively with the FRD followed by comprehensive orthodontic treatment was compared to a sample of untreated control subjects from the Bolton Brush Study who was matched in age, sex, and craniofacial morphology. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken before treatment (T1) and after removal of fixed appliances (T2). Growth changes were subtracted from the treatment changes to obtain the treatment effects of the appliance. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and a match paired t test.

RESULTS

Significant differences were found between the treated and control groups for 12 of the 29 measured variables (Co-Gn minus Co-Apt, Wits, Is-OLp, Ii-OLp, overjet, Mi-OLp, molar relationship, overbite, Mic-ML, SNA, ANB, and Ii-ML). With 27.8 months of treatment, all patients were corrected to a class I dental arch relationship. Overjet and molar relationships were improved by an average of 4.7 and 3.1 mm, respectively. This was contributed by a 1.2 mm of restraint in forward maxillary growth, 0.7 mm of forward movement of the mandible, 1.5 mm of backward movement of the maxillary incisors, 1.3 mm forward movement of the mandibular incisors, 0.5 mm backward movement of the maxillary molars, and 1.3 mm of forward movement of the mandibular molars. The overbite was decreased by 2 mm with no significant change in the occlusal, palatal, or mandibular plane. Individual variations in response to the FRD treatment were large for most of the parameters tested. Significant differences in treatment changes between male and female subjects were found only in a few parameters measured.

CONCLUSIONS

These results demonstrate that significant overjet and overbite corrections can be obtained with the Forsus FRD in conjunction with comprehensive orthodontic treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dr. Heinrichs postal code, Saskatoon, SK, S7H3B9, Canada. deanheinrichs@gmail.com., Charleston, WV, 26506, USA. shamdontic@aol.com.Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, West Virginia University, 1073 Health Science Center North, P.O. Box 9480, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA. camartin@hsc.wvu.edu.Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, 1011 North University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. trazmus@hsc.wvu.edu.Department of Statistics, School of Dentistry, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA. egunel@stat.wvu.edu.Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, West Virginia University, 1073 Health Science Center North, P.O. Box 9480, Morgantown, WV, 26506, USA. pngan@hsc.wvu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25138988

Citation

Heinrichs, Dean A., et al. "Treatment Effects of a Fixed Intermaxillary Device to Correct Class II Malocclusions in Growing Patients." Progress in Orthodontics, vol. 15, 2014, p. 45.
Heinrichs DA, Shammaa I, Martin C, et al. Treatment effects of a fixed intermaxillary device to correct class II malocclusions in growing patients. Prog Orthod. 2014;15:45.
Heinrichs, D. A., Shammaa, I., Martin, C., Razmus, T., Gunel, E., & Ngan, P. (2014). Treatment effects of a fixed intermaxillary device to correct class II malocclusions in growing patients. Progress in Orthodontics, 15, 45. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40510-014-0045-x
Heinrichs DA, et al. Treatment Effects of a Fixed Intermaxillary Device to Correct Class II Malocclusions in Growing Patients. Prog Orthod. 2014;15:45. PubMed PMID: 25138988.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Treatment effects of a fixed intermaxillary device to correct class II malocclusions in growing patients. AU - Heinrichs,Dean A, AU - Shammaa,Imad, AU - Martin,Chris, AU - Razmus,Thomas, AU - Gunel,Erdogan, AU - Ngan,Peter, Y1 - 2014/08/01/ PY - 2014/03/10/received PY - 2014/06/10/accepted PY - 2014/8/21/entrez PY - 2014/8/21/pubmed PY - 2016/8/3/medline SP - 45 EP - 45 JF - Progress in orthodontics JO - Prog Orthod VL - 15 N2 - BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the treatment effects of Forsus™ Fatigue Resistant Device (FRD; 3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) in growing patients with Class II non-extraction malocclusions. METHODS: A retrospective sample of 24 class II patients treated consecutively with the FRD followed by comprehensive orthodontic treatment was compared to a sample of untreated control subjects from the Bolton Brush Study who was matched in age, sex, and craniofacial morphology. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken before treatment (T1) and after removal of fixed appliances (T2). Growth changes were subtracted from the treatment changes to obtain the treatment effects of the appliance. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and a match paired t test. RESULTS: Significant differences were found between the treated and control groups for 12 of the 29 measured variables (Co-Gn minus Co-Apt, Wits, Is-OLp, Ii-OLp, overjet, Mi-OLp, molar relationship, overbite, Mic-ML, SNA, ANB, and Ii-ML). With 27.8 months of treatment, all patients were corrected to a class I dental arch relationship. Overjet and molar relationships were improved by an average of 4.7 and 3.1 mm, respectively. This was contributed by a 1.2 mm of restraint in forward maxillary growth, 0.7 mm of forward movement of the mandible, 1.5 mm of backward movement of the maxillary incisors, 1.3 mm forward movement of the mandibular incisors, 0.5 mm backward movement of the maxillary molars, and 1.3 mm of forward movement of the mandibular molars. The overbite was decreased by 2 mm with no significant change in the occlusal, palatal, or mandibular plane. Individual variations in response to the FRD treatment were large for most of the parameters tested. Significant differences in treatment changes between male and female subjects were found only in a few parameters measured. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that significant overjet and overbite corrections can be obtained with the Forsus FRD in conjunction with comprehensive orthodontic treatment. SN - 2196-1042 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25138988/Treatment_effects_of_a_fixed_intermaxillary_device_to_correct_class_II_malocclusions_in_growing_patients_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40510-014-0045-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -