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Associations between eating occasion characteristics and age, gender, presence of children and BMI among U.S. adults.
J Am Coll Nutr. 2014; 33(4):315-27.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe how frequency and characteristics of traditional meal and non-meal occasions vary by age, gender, presence of children, and body mass index (BMI).

DESIGN

A cross-sectional survey was administered to a national demographically balanced sample of adults via an online market research panel.

SETTING

Online survey.

SUBJECTS

Survey respondents were in the 18- to 80-year-old age range and had consumed any food or beverage at home or away from home the previous day. The sample included 2702 adults reporting on 6689 eating/drinking occasions. Most (80.3%) had no children at home; 43.5% were male and about two thirds were overweight/obese.

MEASURES OF OUTCOME

Eating occasion characteristics and goals by age, gender, presence of children, and BMI.

RESULTS

Older respondents were more likely to report planning traditional meal occasions and report on a breakfast occasion than younger respondents. Two prominent reasons that triggered consumption occasions were habit and hunger/thirst with one dominant benefit of satisfying hunger or thirst. Habit and nutrition played a larger role as a goal for eating occasions for older compared to younger respondents. When children were present in the household, respondents had a goal of connecting with "family, friends, or colleagues" at dinner compared to those without children. Few gender differences were noted; however, women more often reported goals of satisfying hunger/thirst and taste at lunch than men. BMI levels were related to a range of triggers, goals, and behaviors but not as prominently as the relationships observed with age. Those with BMI ≥ 30 were less health conscious regarding dinner and breakfast consumption compared to those with a lower BMI.

CONCLUSIONS

Among demographic variables, age differences were noted in relation to eating occasion characteristics more often than other demographic characteristics or BMI. Understanding these differences can be beneficial in tailoring promotion of healthful intake at specific eating occasions for particular subgroups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Department of Food Science and Nutrition , University of Minnesota , St. Paul , Minnesota.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25140673

Citation

Reicks, Marla, et al. "Associations Between Eating Occasion Characteristics and Age, Gender, Presence of Children and BMI Among U.S. Adults." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 33, no. 4, 2014, pp. 315-27.
Reicks M, Degeneffe D, Rendahl A, et al. Associations between eating occasion characteristics and age, gender, presence of children and BMI among U.S. adults. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(4):315-27.
Reicks, M., Degeneffe, D., Rendahl, A., Smith Edge, M., Burns, K., O'Meara, B., & Blevins, G. (2014). Associations between eating occasion characteristics and age, gender, presence of children and BMI among U.S. adults. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 33(4), 315-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.2014.887485
Reicks M, et al. Associations Between Eating Occasion Characteristics and Age, Gender, Presence of Children and BMI Among U.S. Adults. J Am Coll Nutr. 2014;33(4):315-27. PubMed PMID: 25140673.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between eating occasion characteristics and age, gender, presence of children and BMI among U.S. adults. AU - Reicks,Marla, AU - Degeneffe,Dennis, AU - Rendahl,Aaron, AU - Smith Edge,Marianne, AU - Burns,Katie, AU - O'Meara,Brian, AU - Blevins,Greg, Y1 - 2014/08/20/ PY - 2014/8/21/entrez PY - 2014/8/21/pubmed PY - 2015/5/15/medline KW - diets KW - general nutrition KW - obesity KW - pediatric and geriatric considerations KW - preventative nutrition and chronic disease SP - 315 EP - 27 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 33 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe how frequency and characteristics of traditional meal and non-meal occasions vary by age, gender, presence of children, and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered to a national demographically balanced sample of adults via an online market research panel. SETTING: Online survey. SUBJECTS: Survey respondents were in the 18- to 80-year-old age range and had consumed any food or beverage at home or away from home the previous day. The sample included 2702 adults reporting on 6689 eating/drinking occasions. Most (80.3%) had no children at home; 43.5% were male and about two thirds were overweight/obese. MEASURES OF OUTCOME: Eating occasion characteristics and goals by age, gender, presence of children, and BMI. RESULTS: Older respondents were more likely to report planning traditional meal occasions and report on a breakfast occasion than younger respondents. Two prominent reasons that triggered consumption occasions were habit and hunger/thirst with one dominant benefit of satisfying hunger or thirst. Habit and nutrition played a larger role as a goal for eating occasions for older compared to younger respondents. When children were present in the household, respondents had a goal of connecting with "family, friends, or colleagues" at dinner compared to those without children. Few gender differences were noted; however, women more often reported goals of satisfying hunger/thirst and taste at lunch than men. BMI levels were related to a range of triggers, goals, and behaviors but not as prominently as the relationships observed with age. Those with BMI ≥ 30 were less health conscious regarding dinner and breakfast consumption compared to those with a lower BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Among demographic variables, age differences were noted in relation to eating occasion characteristics more often than other demographic characteristics or BMI. Understanding these differences can be beneficial in tailoring promotion of healthful intake at specific eating occasions for particular subgroups. SN - 1541-1087 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25140673/Associations_between_eating_occasion_characteristics_and_age_gender_presence_of_children_and_BMI_among_U_S__adults_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.2014.887485 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -