Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary fiber intake and total mortality: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
Am J Epidemiol 2014; 180(6):565-73AJ

Abstract

Greater intake of dietary fiber has been associated with lower risk of several chronic diseases. Some observational studies have examined the association between dietary fiber intake and total mortality, but the results were inconclusive. We conducted a meta-analysis of data from prospective cohort studies to quantitatively assess the association. Eligible studies were identified by searching the PubMed and Embase databases for all articles published through November 30, 2013, and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. Study-specific estimates adjusting for potential confounders were combined to calculate a pooled relative risk and 95% confidence interval using a random-effects model. Seven prospective cohort studies of dietary fiber intake and total mortality, including 62,314 deaths among 908,135 participants, were identified. The pooled adjusted relative risk of total mortality for the highest category of dietary fiber intake versus the lowest was 0.77 (95% confidence interval: 0.74, 0.80). In a dose-response meta-analysis, the pooled adjusted relative risk for a 10-g/day increment of dietary fiber intake was 0.89 (95% confidence interval: 0.85, 0 92). By source of fiber, cereal and, to a lesser extent, vegetable fiber were significantly associated with lower total mortality, while fruit fiber showed no association. In conclusion, high dietary fiber intake may reduce the risk of total mortality.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25143474

Citation

Kim, Youngyo, and Youjin Je. "Dietary Fiber Intake and Total Mortality: a Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 180, no. 6, 2014, pp. 565-73.
Kim Y, Je Y. Dietary fiber intake and total mortality: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2014;180(6):565-73.
Kim, Y., & Je, Y. (2014). Dietary fiber intake and total mortality: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(6), pp. 565-73. doi:10.1093/aje/kwu174.
Kim Y, Je Y. Dietary Fiber Intake and Total Mortality: a Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2014 Sep 15;180(6):565-73. PubMed PMID: 25143474.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary fiber intake and total mortality: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. AU - Kim,Youngyo, AU - Je,Youjin, Y1 - 2014/08/20/ PY - 2014/8/22/entrez PY - 2014/8/22/pubmed PY - 2014/10/30/medline KW - death KW - diet KW - fiber KW - meta-analysis KW - mortality KW - prospective cohort studies SP - 565 EP - 73 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am. J. Epidemiol. VL - 180 IS - 6 N2 - Greater intake of dietary fiber has been associated with lower risk of several chronic diseases. Some observational studies have examined the association between dietary fiber intake and total mortality, but the results were inconclusive. We conducted a meta-analysis of data from prospective cohort studies to quantitatively assess the association. Eligible studies were identified by searching the PubMed and Embase databases for all articles published through November 30, 2013, and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. Study-specific estimates adjusting for potential confounders were combined to calculate a pooled relative risk and 95% confidence interval using a random-effects model. Seven prospective cohort studies of dietary fiber intake and total mortality, including 62,314 deaths among 908,135 participants, were identified. The pooled adjusted relative risk of total mortality for the highest category of dietary fiber intake versus the lowest was 0.77 (95% confidence interval: 0.74, 0.80). In a dose-response meta-analysis, the pooled adjusted relative risk for a 10-g/day increment of dietary fiber intake was 0.89 (95% confidence interval: 0.85, 0 92). By source of fiber, cereal and, to a lesser extent, vegetable fiber were significantly associated with lower total mortality, while fruit fiber showed no association. In conclusion, high dietary fiber intake may reduce the risk of total mortality. SN - 1476-6256 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25143474/Dietary_fiber_intake_and_total_mortality:_a_meta_analysis_of_prospective_cohort_studies_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/aje/kwu174 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -