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Scrub typhus increases the risk of developing acute coronary syndrome: a nationwide cohort study.
Heart. 2014 Dec; 100(23):1844-50.H

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Studies investigating the epidemiological relationship between scrub typhus and the subsequent development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide longitudinal cohort study in Taiwan to explore whether patients with scrub typhus are at an increased risk of developing ACS.

METHODS

This study investigated the incidence and risk factors for ACS in 5215 patients newly diagnosed with scrub typhus from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database between 2000 and 2011. The comparison cohort contained 20 860 persons from the general population without scrub typhus. The follow-up period ran from the time of the initial diagnosis for scrub typhus to the date of an ACS event, censoring, or 31 December 2011. We used Cox proportional hazard regression models to analyse the risk of ACS by including the variables of sex, age and comorbidities.

RESULTS

The incidence of ACS was higher in patients with scrub typhus than in the comparison cohort (3.10 vs 1.92 per 1000 person-years). The HR of developing ACS increased by 37% in patients with scrub typhus after adjusting for age, sex and comorbidities. Men, increased age, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and coronary artery disease were identified as independent risk factors of developing ACS after controlling for covariates. The prominent effect of scrub typhus on subsequent ACS development appeared within 1 year after infection.

CONCLUSIONS

This nationwide study determined that patients with scrub typhus exhibited a 37% increase in the risk of subsequently developing ACS compared with that of the general population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taichung, Taiwan Department of Healthcare Administration, Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taichung, Taiwan.Management Office for Health Data, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.Department of Respiratory and Critical Care, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Science and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET Center, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25147287

Citation

Chung, Wei-Sheng, et al. "Scrub Typhus Increases the Risk of Developing Acute Coronary Syndrome: a Nationwide Cohort Study." Heart (British Cardiac Society), vol. 100, no. 23, 2014, pp. 1844-50.
Chung WS, Lin CL, Hsu WH, et al. Scrub typhus increases the risk of developing acute coronary syndrome: a nationwide cohort study. Heart. 2014;100(23):1844-50.
Chung, W. S., Lin, C. L., Hsu, W. H., & Kao, C. H. (2014). Scrub typhus increases the risk of developing acute coronary syndrome: a nationwide cohort study. Heart (British Cardiac Society), 100(23), 1844-50. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2014-306181
Chung WS, et al. Scrub Typhus Increases the Risk of Developing Acute Coronary Syndrome: a Nationwide Cohort Study. Heart. 2014;100(23):1844-50. PubMed PMID: 25147287.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Scrub typhus increases the risk of developing acute coronary syndrome: a nationwide cohort study. AU - Chung,Wei-Sheng, AU - Lin,Cheng-Li, AU - Hsu,Wu-Huei, AU - Kao,Chia-Hung, Y1 - 2014/08/21/ PY - 2014/8/23/entrez PY - 2014/8/26/pubmed PY - 2015/1/16/medline KW - Infection SP - 1844 EP - 50 JF - Heart (British Cardiac Society) JO - Heart VL - 100 IS - 23 N2 - BACKGROUND: Studies investigating the epidemiological relationship between scrub typhus and the subsequent development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a nationwide longitudinal cohort study in Taiwan to explore whether patients with scrub typhus are at an increased risk of developing ACS. METHODS: This study investigated the incidence and risk factors for ACS in 5215 patients newly diagnosed with scrub typhus from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database between 2000 and 2011. The comparison cohort contained 20 860 persons from the general population without scrub typhus. The follow-up period ran from the time of the initial diagnosis for scrub typhus to the date of an ACS event, censoring, or 31 December 2011. We used Cox proportional hazard regression models to analyse the risk of ACS by including the variables of sex, age and comorbidities. RESULTS: The incidence of ACS was higher in patients with scrub typhus than in the comparison cohort (3.10 vs 1.92 per 1000 person-years). The HR of developing ACS increased by 37% in patients with scrub typhus after adjusting for age, sex and comorbidities. Men, increased age, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidaemia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and coronary artery disease were identified as independent risk factors of developing ACS after controlling for covariates. The prominent effect of scrub typhus on subsequent ACS development appeared within 1 year after infection. CONCLUSIONS: This nationwide study determined that patients with scrub typhus exhibited a 37% increase in the risk of subsequently developing ACS compared with that of the general population. SN - 1468-201X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25147287/Scrub_typhus_increases_the_risk_of_developing_acute_coronary_syndrome:_a_nationwide_cohort_study_ L2 - http://heart.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=25147287 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -