Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Effects of different rest intervals between antagonist paired sets on repetition performance and muscle activation.
J Strength Cond Res. 2014 Sep; 28(9):2529-35.JS

Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that exercising the antagonist musculature acutely enhances subsequent performance for the agonist musculature. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different rest intervals between sets for exercises that involve antagonistic muscle groups, a technique referred to as antagonist paired sets (APS). Fifteen recreationally trained men were tested for knee extension (KE) exercise performance, with or without previous knee flexion (KF) exercise for the antagonist musculature. The following protocols were performed in random order with 10 repetition maximum loads for the KF and KE exercises: (a) traditional protocol (TP)-1 set of KE only to repetition failure; (b) paired sets with minimal allowable rest (PMR)-1 set of KF followed immediately by a set of KE; (c) P30-30-second rest between paired sets of KF and KE; (d) P1-1-minute rest between paired sets; (e) P3-3-minute rest between paired sets; and (f) P5-5-minute rest between paired sets. The number of repetitions performed and electromyographic (EMG) activity of vastus lateralis, vastus medialis (VM), and rectus femoris (RF) muscles were recorded during the KE set in each protocol. It was demonstrated that significantly greater KE repetitions were completed during the PMR, P30, and P1 protocols vs. the TP protocol. Significantly greater EMG activity was demonstrated for the RF muscle during the KE exercise in the PMR and P30 vs. the TP, P3, and P5, respectively. In addition, significantly greater EMG activity was demonstrated for the VM muscle during the PMR vs. all other protocols. The results of this study indicate that no rest or relatively shorter rest intervals (30 seconds and 1 minute) between APS might be more effective to elicit greater agonist repetition enhancement and muscle activation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1School of Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and 2Department of Kinesiology and Sports Studies, Eastern Illinois University, Charleston, Illinois.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25148302

Citation

Maia, Marianna F., et al. "Effects of Different Rest Intervals Between Antagonist Paired Sets On Repetition Performance and Muscle Activation." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 28, no. 9, 2014, pp. 2529-35.
Maia MF, Willardson JM, Paz GA, et al. Effects of different rest intervals between antagonist paired sets on repetition performance and muscle activation. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(9):2529-35.
Maia, M. F., Willardson, J. M., Paz, G. A., & Miranda, H. (2014). Effects of different rest intervals between antagonist paired sets on repetition performance and muscle activation. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(9), 2529-35. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000451
Maia MF, et al. Effects of Different Rest Intervals Between Antagonist Paired Sets On Repetition Performance and Muscle Activation. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(9):2529-35. PubMed PMID: 25148302.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of different rest intervals between antagonist paired sets on repetition performance and muscle activation. AU - Maia,Marianna F, AU - Willardson,Jeffrey M, AU - Paz,Gabriel A, AU - Miranda,Humberto, PY - 2014/8/23/entrez PY - 2014/8/26/pubmed PY - 2015/11/6/medline SP - 2529 EP - 35 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 28 IS - 9 N2 - Recent evidence suggests that exercising the antagonist musculature acutely enhances subsequent performance for the agonist musculature. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of different rest intervals between sets for exercises that involve antagonistic muscle groups, a technique referred to as antagonist paired sets (APS). Fifteen recreationally trained men were tested for knee extension (KE) exercise performance, with or without previous knee flexion (KF) exercise for the antagonist musculature. The following protocols were performed in random order with 10 repetition maximum loads for the KF and KE exercises: (a) traditional protocol (TP)-1 set of KE only to repetition failure; (b) paired sets with minimal allowable rest (PMR)-1 set of KF followed immediately by a set of KE; (c) P30-30-second rest between paired sets of KF and KE; (d) P1-1-minute rest between paired sets; (e) P3-3-minute rest between paired sets; and (f) P5-5-minute rest between paired sets. The number of repetitions performed and electromyographic (EMG) activity of vastus lateralis, vastus medialis (VM), and rectus femoris (RF) muscles were recorded during the KE set in each protocol. It was demonstrated that significantly greater KE repetitions were completed during the PMR, P30, and P1 protocols vs. the TP protocol. Significantly greater EMG activity was demonstrated for the RF muscle during the KE exercise in the PMR and P30 vs. the TP, P3, and P5, respectively. In addition, significantly greater EMG activity was demonstrated for the VM muscle during the PMR vs. all other protocols. The results of this study indicate that no rest or relatively shorter rest intervals (30 seconds and 1 minute) between APS might be more effective to elicit greater agonist repetition enhancement and muscle activation. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25148302/Effects_of_different_rest_intervals_between_antagonist_paired_sets_on_repetition_performance_and_muscle_activation_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000451 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -