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Bullying victimization prevalence and its effects on psychosomatic complaints: can sense of coherence make a difference?
J Sch Health. 2014 Oct; 84(10):646-53.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of bullying victimization and its impact on physical and psychological complaints in a representative sample of adolescents and to explore the role of sense of coherence (SOC) in victimization prevalence and consequences.

METHODS

A representative sample of Spanish adolescents (N = 7580, mean age = 15.41) was selected as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Bullying victimization, physical and psychological symptoms, and SOC were measured, and comparisons were made between strong- and weak-SOC adolescents regarding their likelihood of being a victim of bullying and the negative effects of bullying victimization on their health.

RESULTS

Weak-SOC adolescents were significantly more likely to suffer from bullying victimization regardless of type (nonphysical vs physical and nonphysical) or means (traditional vs cyberbullying). In addition, bullying victimization showed significant increasing effects on weak-SOC adolescents' physical and psychological symptoms whereas in strong-SOC adolescents it was not significantly associated with increases in physical complaints and its effects on psychological complaints seemed to be weaker.

CONCLUSIONS

Weak-SOC adolescents seem to be at higher risk of becoming bullying victims and victimization experiences appear to have increased negative effects on them when compared to strong-SOC students.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Seville, C/Camilo José Cela s/n, C.P: 41018 Seville, Spain. irenegm@us.es.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25154528

Citation

García-Moya, Irene, et al. "Bullying Victimization Prevalence and Its Effects On Psychosomatic Complaints: Can Sense of Coherence Make a Difference?" The Journal of School Health, vol. 84, no. 10, 2014, pp. 646-53.
García-Moya I, Suominen S, Moreno C. Bullying victimization prevalence and its effects on psychosomatic complaints: can sense of coherence make a difference? J Sch Health. 2014;84(10):646-53.
García-Moya, I., Suominen, S., & Moreno, C. (2014). Bullying victimization prevalence and its effects on psychosomatic complaints: can sense of coherence make a difference? The Journal of School Health, 84(10), 646-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12190
García-Moya I, Suominen S, Moreno C. Bullying Victimization Prevalence and Its Effects On Psychosomatic Complaints: Can Sense of Coherence Make a Difference. J Sch Health. 2014;84(10):646-53. PubMed PMID: 25154528.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bullying victimization prevalence and its effects on psychosomatic complaints: can sense of coherence make a difference? AU - García-Moya,Irene, AU - Suominen,Sakari, AU - Moreno,Carmen, PY - 2013/05/20/received PY - 2014/01/05/revised PY - 2014/03/25/accepted PY - 2014/8/27/entrez PY - 2014/8/27/pubmed PY - 2015/5/15/medline KW - adolescence KW - bullying KW - cyberbullying KW - salutogenesis KW - sense of coherence KW - victimization SP - 646 EP - 53 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 84 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of bullying victimization and its impact on physical and psychological complaints in a representative sample of adolescents and to explore the role of sense of coherence (SOC) in victimization prevalence and consequences. METHODS: A representative sample of Spanish adolescents (N = 7580, mean age = 15.41) was selected as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. Bullying victimization, physical and psychological symptoms, and SOC were measured, and comparisons were made between strong- and weak-SOC adolescents regarding their likelihood of being a victim of bullying and the negative effects of bullying victimization on their health. RESULTS: Weak-SOC adolescents were significantly more likely to suffer from bullying victimization regardless of type (nonphysical vs physical and nonphysical) or means (traditional vs cyberbullying). In addition, bullying victimization showed significant increasing effects on weak-SOC adolescents' physical and psychological symptoms whereas in strong-SOC adolescents it was not significantly associated with increases in physical complaints and its effects on psychological complaints seemed to be weaker. CONCLUSIONS: Weak-SOC adolescents seem to be at higher risk of becoming bullying victims and victimization experiences appear to have increased negative effects on them when compared to strong-SOC students. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25154528/Bullying_victimization_prevalence_and_its_effects_on_psychosomatic_complaints:_can_sense_of_coherence_make_a_difference L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12190 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -