Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS): a preliminary within-subject study of quality of life, oral health impacts and personality profiles.
J Oral Pathol Med. 2015 Apr; 44(4):278-83.JO

Abstract

BACKGROUND

RAS may affect quality of life and impacts oral health and daily activities; consequently, psychological factors, dental needs and patients' perceptions. Professionals should understand this relation to adequately manage oral ulcers. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between oral health impacts, oral health-related quality of life and psychological profiles in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS).

METHODS

Fifty-three patients (30 men and 23 women, mean age: 31.1 ± 10.1 years) with RAS participated in this study. During ulcer episodes, participants completed Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and United Kingdom Oral Health-Related Quality of Life measure (OHQoL-UK) proformas. Patients completed OHIP-14 and OHQoL-UK again when they were ulcer-free. The statistically significance levels were set at P ≤ 0.05.

RESULTS

During ulcer episodes, patients reported worse oral health impacts and an inferior quality of life in comparison with ulcer-free times (P < 0.0001). Higher OHIP scores were significantly associated with higher HAD depression (P = 0.036) and anxiety (P = 0.012) scores. NEO-FFI scores had no significant relations with OHIP and OHQoL-UK scores (P > 0.05). During ulcer-free periods, no relationships were detected between OHIP, OHQoL-UK, HAD and NEO-FFI scores (P > 0.05), except between OHQoL-UK and conscientiousness scores (P = 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS

RAS increased the negative oral health impacts on patients and consequently lowered their quality of life. Stressful situations and conditions (including anxiety and depression), rather than inherent personality profiles and stable psychological traits, were related to oral health impacts and quality of life in patients with RAS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25154862

Citation

Al-Omiri, Mahmoud K., et al. "Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS): a Preliminary Within-subject Study of Quality of Life, Oral Health Impacts and Personality Profiles." Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, vol. 44, no. 4, 2015, pp. 278-83.
Al-Omiri MK, Karasneh J, Alhijawi MM, et al. Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS): a preliminary within-subject study of quality of life, oral health impacts and personality profiles. J Oral Pathol Med. 2015;44(4):278-83.
Al-Omiri, M. K., Karasneh, J., Alhijawi, M. M., Zwiri, A. M., Scully, C., & Lynch, E. (2015). Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS): a preliminary within-subject study of quality of life, oral health impacts and personality profiles. Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine : Official Publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology, 44(4), 278-83. https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.12232
Al-Omiri MK, et al. Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS): a Preliminary Within-subject Study of Quality of Life, Oral Health Impacts and Personality Profiles. J Oral Pathol Med. 2015;44(4):278-83. PubMed PMID: 25154862.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS): a preliminary within-subject study of quality of life, oral health impacts and personality profiles. AU - Al-Omiri,Mahmoud K, AU - Karasneh,Jumana, AU - Alhijawi,Mohannad M, AU - Zwiri,Abdalwhab M A, AU - Scully,Crispian, AU - Lynch,Edward, Y1 - 2014/08/26/ PY - 2014/06/13/accepted PY - 2014/8/27/entrez PY - 2014/8/27/pubmed PY - 2016/7/28/medline KW - HAD scale KW - NEO-FFI KW - OHIP-14 KW - OHQoL-UK KW - recurrent aphthous stomatitis SP - 278 EP - 83 JF - Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology JO - J Oral Pathol Med VL - 44 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: RAS may affect quality of life and impacts oral health and daily activities; consequently, psychological factors, dental needs and patients' perceptions. Professionals should understand this relation to adequately manage oral ulcers. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between oral health impacts, oral health-related quality of life and psychological profiles in patients with recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS). METHODS: Fifty-three patients (30 men and 23 women, mean age: 31.1 ± 10.1 years) with RAS participated in this study. During ulcer episodes, participants completed Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and United Kingdom Oral Health-Related Quality of Life measure (OHQoL-UK) proformas. Patients completed OHIP-14 and OHQoL-UK again when they were ulcer-free. The statistically significance levels were set at P ≤ 0.05. RESULTS: During ulcer episodes, patients reported worse oral health impacts and an inferior quality of life in comparison with ulcer-free times (P < 0.0001). Higher OHIP scores were significantly associated with higher HAD depression (P = 0.036) and anxiety (P = 0.012) scores. NEO-FFI scores had no significant relations with OHIP and OHQoL-UK scores (P > 0.05). During ulcer-free periods, no relationships were detected between OHIP, OHQoL-UK, HAD and NEO-FFI scores (P > 0.05), except between OHQoL-UK and conscientiousness scores (P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: RAS increased the negative oral health impacts on patients and consequently lowered their quality of life. Stressful situations and conditions (including anxiety and depression), rather than inherent personality profiles and stable psychological traits, were related to oral health impacts and quality of life in patients with RAS. SN - 1600-0714 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25154862/Recurrent_aphthous_stomatitis__RAS_:_a_preliminary_within_subject_study_of_quality_of_life_oral_health_impacts_and_personality_profiles_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/jop.12232 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -