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Teacher and peer reports of overweight and bullying among young primary school children.
Pediatrics 2014; 134(3):473-80Ped

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Overweight is a potential risk factor for peer victimization in late childhood and adolescence. The current study investigated the association between BMI in early primary school and different bullying involvement roles (uninvolved, bully, victim, and bully-victim) as reported by teachers and children themselves.

METHODS

In a population-based study in the Netherlands, measured BMI and teacher-reported bullying behavior were available for 4364 children (mean age = 6.2 years). In a subsample of 1327 children, a peer nomination method was used to obtain child reports of bullying.

RESULTS

In both teacher- and child-reported data, a higher BMI was associated with more victimization and more bullying perpetration. For instance, a 1-point increase in BMI was associated with a 0.05 increase on the standardized teacher-reported victimization score (95% confidence interval, 0.03 to 0.07; P < .001). Combining the victimization and bullying scores into different types of bullying involvement showed that children with obesity, but not children with overweight, had a significantly higher risk to be a bully-victim (odds ratio = 2.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.62 to 3.14) than normal-weight peers.

CONCLUSIONS

At school entry, a high BMI is a risk factor associated with victimization and bullying perpetration, with obese children particularly likely to be victims and aggressors. Results were consistent for teacher and child reports of bullying, supporting the validity of our findings. Possibly, obesity triggers peer problems, but the association may also reflect a common underlying cause that makes obese children vulnerable to bullying involvement.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, and Institute of Psychology, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands; p.w.jansen@erasmusmc.nl.Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, and The Generation R Study Group, and.Municipal Public Health Service Rotterdam Rijnmond, Rotterdam, Netherlands.Municipal Public Health Service Rotterdam Rijnmond, Rotterdam, Netherlands Departments of Public Health.Departments of Public Health.Epidemiology, and.The Generation R Study Group, and Epidemiology, and Pediatrics, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, Netherlands;Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, and.Municipal Public Health Service Rotterdam Rijnmond, Rotterdam, Netherlands Departments of Public Health.Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychology, and Epidemiology, and Psychiatry, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands; and.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25157018

Citation

Jansen, Pauline W., et al. "Teacher and Peer Reports of Overweight and Bullying Among Young Primary School Children." Pediatrics, vol. 134, no. 3, 2014, pp. 473-80.
Jansen PW, Verlinden M, Dommisse-van Berkel A, et al. Teacher and peer reports of overweight and bullying among young primary school children. Pediatrics. 2014;134(3):473-80.
Jansen, P. W., Verlinden, M., Dommisse-van Berkel, A., Mieloo, C. L., Raat, H., Hofman, A., ... Tiemeier, H. (2014). Teacher and peer reports of overweight and bullying among young primary school children. Pediatrics, 134(3), pp. 473-80. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-3274.
Jansen PW, et al. Teacher and Peer Reports of Overweight and Bullying Among Young Primary School Children. Pediatrics. 2014;134(3):473-80. PubMed PMID: 25157018.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Teacher and peer reports of overweight and bullying among young primary school children. AU - Jansen,Pauline W, AU - Verlinden,Marina, AU - Dommisse-van Berkel,Anke, AU - Mieloo,Cathelijne L, AU - Raat,Hein, AU - Hofman,Albert, AU - Jaddoe,Vincent W V, AU - Verhulst,Frank C, AU - Jansen,Wilma, AU - Tiemeier,Henning, PY - 2014/8/27/entrez PY - 2014/8/27/pubmed PY - 2014/10/31/medline KW - bullying KW - child KW - obesity KW - overweight KW - school KW - teacher KW - victim KW - weight status SP - 473 EP - 80 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 134 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Overweight is a potential risk factor for peer victimization in late childhood and adolescence. The current study investigated the association between BMI in early primary school and different bullying involvement roles (uninvolved, bully, victim, and bully-victim) as reported by teachers and children themselves. METHODS: In a population-based study in the Netherlands, measured BMI and teacher-reported bullying behavior were available for 4364 children (mean age = 6.2 years). In a subsample of 1327 children, a peer nomination method was used to obtain child reports of bullying. RESULTS: In both teacher- and child-reported data, a higher BMI was associated with more victimization and more bullying perpetration. For instance, a 1-point increase in BMI was associated with a 0.05 increase on the standardized teacher-reported victimization score (95% confidence interval, 0.03 to 0.07; P < .001). Combining the victimization and bullying scores into different types of bullying involvement showed that children with obesity, but not children with overweight, had a significantly higher risk to be a bully-victim (odds ratio = 2.25; 95% confidence interval, 1.62 to 3.14) than normal-weight peers. CONCLUSIONS: At school entry, a high BMI is a risk factor associated with victimization and bullying perpetration, with obese children particularly likely to be victims and aggressors. Results were consistent for teacher and child reports of bullying, supporting the validity of our findings. Possibly, obesity triggers peer problems, but the association may also reflect a common underlying cause that makes obese children vulnerable to bullying involvement. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25157018/Teacher_and_peer_reports_of_overweight_and_bullying_among_young_primary_school_children_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=25157018 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -