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The downward spiral of mental disorders and educational attainment: a systematic review on early school leaving.

Abstract

BackgroundMost psychiatric disorders present symptom patterns that cause severe impairment on the emotional, cognitive and social level. Thus, adolescents who suffer from a mental disorder risk finding themselves in a downward spiral caused by the reciprocal association of psychological symptoms and negative school experiences that may culminate in early school leaving. In addition to previous collective work that mainly focused on school refusing behaviour among children and was presented as an expert¿s opinion, the following systematic review fills the knowledge gap by providing a structured overview of the bidirectional association between mental health and secondary school dropout based on a sound methodology and with a particular focus on mediating factors.MethodsFour electronic databases were searched from January 1990 until June 2014. Selected references were assessed for study details, main results, mediating factors and methodological limitations. Standardized risk of bias assessment was conducted.ResultsMood and anxiety disorders seemed to have a less consequential direct effect on early school leaving than substance use and disruptive behaviour disorders. The association between externalizing disorders and educational attainment was even stronger when the disorder occurred early in life. On the other hand, internalizing disorders were reported to develop as a consequence of school dropout. Only few studies had addressed gender differences, with discrepant results. Socio-economic background, academic achievement and family support were identified as significant mediating factors of the association between mental disorders and subsequent educational attainment.ConclusionsFindings suggested a strong association between mental health and education, in both directions. However, most studies focused on mediating factors that could not be targeted by intervention programs.

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  • Authors

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    Source

    BMC psychiatry 14:1 2014 Aug 27 pg 237

    Pub Type(s)

    JOURNAL ARTICLE

    Language

    ENG

    PubMed ID

    25159271

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - The downward spiral of mental disorders and educational attainment: a systematic review on early school leaving. A1 - Esch,Pascale, AU - Bocquet,Valéry, AU - Pull,Charles, AU - Couffignal,Sophie, AU - Lehnert,Torsten, AU - Graas,Marc, AU - Fond-Harmant,Laurence, AU - Ansseau,Marc, Y1 - 2014/8/27/ PY - 2014/1/14/received PY - 2014/8/27/aheadofprint PY - 2014/8/28/entrez PY - 2014/8/28/pubmed PY - 2014/8/28/medline SP - 237 EP - 237 JF - BMC psychiatry JO - BMC Psychiatry VL - 14 IS - 1 N2 - BackgroundMost psychiatric disorders present symptom patterns that cause severe impairment on the emotional, cognitive and social level. Thus, adolescents who suffer from a mental disorder risk finding themselves in a downward spiral caused by the reciprocal association of psychological symptoms and negative school experiences that may culminate in early school leaving. In addition to previous collective work that mainly focused on school refusing behaviour among children and was presented as an expert¿s opinion, the following systematic review fills the knowledge gap by providing a structured overview of the bidirectional association between mental health and secondary school dropout based on a sound methodology and with a particular focus on mediating factors.MethodsFour electronic databases were searched from January 1990 until June 2014. Selected references were assessed for study details, main results, mediating factors and methodological limitations. Standardized risk of bias assessment was conducted.ResultsMood and anxiety disorders seemed to have a less consequential direct effect on early school leaving than substance use and disruptive behaviour disorders. The association between externalizing disorders and educational attainment was even stronger when the disorder occurred early in life. On the other hand, internalizing disorders were reported to develop as a consequence of school dropout. Only few studies had addressed gender differences, with discrepant results. Socio-economic background, academic achievement and family support were identified as significant mediating factors of the association between mental disorders and subsequent educational attainment.ConclusionsFindings suggested a strong association between mental health and education, in both directions. However, most studies focused on mediating factors that could not be targeted by intervention programs. SN - 1471-244X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25159271/The_downward_spiral_of_mental_disorders_and_educational_attainment:_a_systematic_review_on_early_school_leaving_ L2 - http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/14/237 ER -