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Lipoprotein subfraction composition in non-obese newly diagnosed non-insulin dependent diabetes after treatment with diet and glibenclamide.
Diabetes Res 1989; 11(1):13-20DR

Abstract

The composition and concentrations of fasting plasma lipoproteins were determined in a prospective study of 11 +/- 2 (mean +/- 1 SD) months in 16 non-obese (body mass index less than or equal to 30) patients with Type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus at diagnosis, treated by diet alone or diet plus glibenclamide (2.5-7.5 mg/day). Compared with normal subjects matched for sex, age, body mass index, exercise, alcohol consumption and smoking, Type 2 patients at diagnosis showed increased concentrations of non-esterified and esterified cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid and protein in the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) fraction. The apolipoprotein (apo) B concentrations was also raised, but low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations were not significantly altered in Type 2 patients at diagnosis. Plasma concentrations of high density lipoprotein (HDL) non-esterified and esterified cholesterol, HDL phospholipid and apo AI were lower in Type 2 patients at diagnosis. This was largely accounted for by a reduced number of HDL2 molecules of normal composition. After treatment of Type 2 patients with diet alone, there was a marginal increase in plasma HDL cholesterol and phospholipid, and in plasma HDL2 cholesterol, phospholipid, protein and apo AI concentrations, in association with reductions of VLDL component concentrations, body mass index and glycaemia. Type 2 patients treated with diet plus glibenclamide exhibited similar abnormalities of plasma lipoprotein concentrations before and after treatment, except for a small reduction in VLDL component concentrations and a slight increase in the apo AI:B ratio. Institution of diet alone and diet plus glibenclamide generally failed to restore VLDL, HDL and HDL2 component concentrations and the apo AI:B ratio to normal.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry, Good Hope Hospital, Birmingham, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2515931

Citation

Billingham, M S., et al. "Lipoprotein Subfraction Composition in Non-obese Newly Diagnosed Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes After Treatment With Diet and Glibenclamide." Diabetes Research (Edinburgh, Scotland), vol. 11, no. 1, 1989, pp. 13-20.
Billingham MS, Milles JJ, Bailey CJ, et al. Lipoprotein subfraction composition in non-obese newly diagnosed non-insulin dependent diabetes after treatment with diet and glibenclamide. Diabetes Res. 1989;11(1):13-20.
Billingham, M. S., Milles, J. J., Bailey, C. J., & Hall, R. A. (1989). Lipoprotein subfraction composition in non-obese newly diagnosed non-insulin dependent diabetes after treatment with diet and glibenclamide. Diabetes Research (Edinburgh, Scotland), 11(1), pp. 13-20.
Billingham MS, et al. Lipoprotein Subfraction Composition in Non-obese Newly Diagnosed Non-insulin Dependent Diabetes After Treatment With Diet and Glibenclamide. Diabetes Res. 1989;11(1):13-20. PubMed PMID: 2515931.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lipoprotein subfraction composition in non-obese newly diagnosed non-insulin dependent diabetes after treatment with diet and glibenclamide. AU - Billingham,M S, AU - Milles,J J, AU - Bailey,C J, AU - Hall,R A, PY - 1989/5/1/pubmed PY - 1989/5/1/medline PY - 1989/5/1/entrez SP - 13 EP - 20 JF - Diabetes research (Edinburgh, Scotland) JO - Diabetes Res. VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - The composition and concentrations of fasting plasma lipoproteins were determined in a prospective study of 11 +/- 2 (mean +/- 1 SD) months in 16 non-obese (body mass index less than or equal to 30) patients with Type 2 (non-insulin dependent) diabetes mellitus at diagnosis, treated by diet alone or diet plus glibenclamide (2.5-7.5 mg/day). Compared with normal subjects matched for sex, age, body mass index, exercise, alcohol consumption and smoking, Type 2 patients at diagnosis showed increased concentrations of non-esterified and esterified cholesterol, triglyceride, phospholipid and protein in the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) fraction. The apolipoprotein (apo) B concentrations was also raised, but low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations were not significantly altered in Type 2 patients at diagnosis. Plasma concentrations of high density lipoprotein (HDL) non-esterified and esterified cholesterol, HDL phospholipid and apo AI were lower in Type 2 patients at diagnosis. This was largely accounted for by a reduced number of HDL2 molecules of normal composition. After treatment of Type 2 patients with diet alone, there was a marginal increase in plasma HDL cholesterol and phospholipid, and in plasma HDL2 cholesterol, phospholipid, protein and apo AI concentrations, in association with reductions of VLDL component concentrations, body mass index and glycaemia. Type 2 patients treated with diet plus glibenclamide exhibited similar abnormalities of plasma lipoprotein concentrations before and after treatment, except for a small reduction in VLDL component concentrations and a slight increase in the apo AI:B ratio. Institution of diet alone and diet plus glibenclamide generally failed to restore VLDL, HDL and HDL2 component concentrations and the apo AI:B ratio to normal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0265-5985 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2515931/Lipoprotein_subfraction_composition_in_non_obese_newly_diagnosed_non_insulin_dependent_diabetes_after_treatment_with_diet_and_glibenclamide_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2236 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -