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Socio-economic and behavioural determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Moroccan women.
Public Health Nutr. 2015 Apr; 18(5):809-16.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate daily fruit and vegetable intakes and to investigate socio-economic and behavioural differences in fruit and vegetable consumption among urban Moroccan women.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional survey. Fruit and vegetable intake was measured with a single 24 h recall.

SETTINGS

A representative population-based survey conducted in the area of Rabat-Salé.

SUBJECTS

Women (n 894) of child-bearing age (20-49 years).

RESULTS

Mean fruit and vegetable intake was 331 g/d (155 g/d for fruit and 176 g/d for vegetables). Only one-third (32.1 %) of women consumed ≥ 400 g/d and half the sample (50.6 %) were considered as low consumers, i.e. <280 g/d. Women of higher economic status ate significantly more fruit (P<0.05) and more fruit and vegetables combined (P<0.05). Women ate significantly less vegetables if they ate out of home more often or skipped at least one main meal (breakfast, lunch or dinner) or ate more processed foods (P<0.05, P<0.01 and P<0.001, respectively). Fruit and vegetable diversity was not associated with any of the factors investigated.

CONCLUSIONS

In this population, fruit and vegetable intakes are driven by different determinants. Indeed, while vegetable consumption was related only to behavioural determinants, fruit consumption was influenced only by economic status. Therefore, programmes promoting fruit and vegetable intake would be more effective if they account for these specific determinants in their design.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Institute of Research for Development (IRD),UMR Nutripass,IRD-UM2-UM1,911 avenue Agropolis,BP 64501,34394 Montpellier Cedex 5,France.2Equipe Transition Alimentaire et Nutritionnelle,LEB,University of Ibn Tofail,Kenitra,Morocco.1Institute of Research for Development (IRD),UMR Nutripass,IRD-UM2-UM1,911 avenue Agropolis,BP 64501,34394 Montpellier Cedex 5,France.3Division of Nutritional Sciences,University of Nottingham,Sutton Bonington,UK.1Institute of Research for Development (IRD),UMR Nutripass,IRD-UM2-UM1,911 avenue Agropolis,BP 64501,34394 Montpellier Cedex 5,France.4School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR),University of Sheffield,Sheffield,UK.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25166305

Citation

Landais, Edwige, et al. "Socio-economic and Behavioural Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Moroccan Women." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 18, no. 5, 2015, pp. 809-16.
Landais E, Bour A, Gartner A, et al. Socio-economic and behavioural determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Moroccan women. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(5):809-16.
Landais, E., Bour, A., Gartner, A., McCullough, F., Delpeuch, F., & Holdsworth, M. (2015). Socio-economic and behavioural determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Moroccan women. Public Health Nutrition, 18(5), 809-16. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980014001761
Landais E, et al. Socio-economic and Behavioural Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Moroccan Women. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(5):809-16. PubMed PMID: 25166305.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Socio-economic and behavioural determinants of fruit and vegetable intake in Moroccan women. AU - Landais,Edwige, AU - Bour,Abdellatif, AU - Gartner,Agnès, AU - McCullough,Fiona, AU - Delpeuch,Francis, AU - Holdsworth,Michelle, Y1 - 2014/08/28/ PY - 2014/8/29/entrez PY - 2014/8/29/pubmed PY - 2015/12/15/medline KW - Women SP - 809 EP - 16 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 18 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate daily fruit and vegetable intakes and to investigate socio-economic and behavioural differences in fruit and vegetable consumption among urban Moroccan women. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. Fruit and vegetable intake was measured with a single 24 h recall. SETTINGS: A representative population-based survey conducted in the area of Rabat-Salé. SUBJECTS: Women (n 894) of child-bearing age (20-49 years). RESULTS: Mean fruit and vegetable intake was 331 g/d (155 g/d for fruit and 176 g/d for vegetables). Only one-third (32.1 %) of women consumed ≥ 400 g/d and half the sample (50.6 %) were considered as low consumers, i.e. <280 g/d. Women of higher economic status ate significantly more fruit (P<0.05) and more fruit and vegetables combined (P<0.05). Women ate significantly less vegetables if they ate out of home more often or skipped at least one main meal (breakfast, lunch or dinner) or ate more processed foods (P<0.05, P<0.01 and P<0.001, respectively). Fruit and vegetable diversity was not associated with any of the factors investigated. CONCLUSIONS: In this population, fruit and vegetable intakes are driven by different determinants. Indeed, while vegetable consumption was related only to behavioural determinants, fruit consumption was influenced only by economic status. Therefore, programmes promoting fruit and vegetable intake would be more effective if they account for these specific determinants in their design. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25166305/Socio_economic_and_behavioural_determinants_of_fruit_and_vegetable_intake_in_Moroccan_women_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980014001761/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -