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Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.
Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci. 2014 Dec; 48 Pt A:12-20.SH

Abstract

The historical literature on German life science at the end of the 18th century has tried to rehabilitate eighteenth century vitalism by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that these positions are based on a historiographical bias and that the clear-cut boundary between German vitalism and Naturphilosophie is historically unattested. On the contrary, they both belong to the process of conceptual genealogy that contributed to the project of a general biology. The latter emerged as the science concerned with the laws that regulate the organization of living nature as a whole. The focus on organization was, at least partially, the result of the debate surrounding the notion of "vital force", which originated in the mid-eighteenth century and caused a shift from a regulative to a constitutive understanding of teleology.

Authors+Show Affiliations

IHPST, 13, Rue du four, 75006 Paris, France. Electronic address: andrea.gambarotto@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25168014

Citation

Gambarotto, Andrea. "Vital Forces and Organization: Philosophy of Nature and Biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer." Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 48 Pt A, 2014, pp. 12-20.
Gambarotto A. Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer. Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci. 2014;48 Pt A:12-20.
Gambarotto, A. (2014). Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer. Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 48 Pt A, 12-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2014.07.007
Gambarotto A. Vital Forces and Organization: Philosophy of Nature and Biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer. Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci. 2014;48 Pt A:12-20. PubMed PMID: 25168014.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer. A1 - Gambarotto,Andrea, Y1 - 2014/08/28/ PY - 2013/04/04/received PY - 2014/07/17/revised PY - 2014/07/17/accepted PY - 2014/8/30/entrez PY - 2014/8/30/pubmed PY - 2015/7/28/medline KW - Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling KW - Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus KW - Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer KW - Philosophy of nature KW - Romantic life sciences KW - Vital forces SP - 12 EP - 20 JF - Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences JO - Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci VL - 48 Pt A N2 - The historical literature on German life science at the end of the 18th century has tried to rehabilitate eighteenth century vitalism by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that these positions are based on a historiographical bias and that the clear-cut boundary between German vitalism and Naturphilosophie is historically unattested. On the contrary, they both belong to the process of conceptual genealogy that contributed to the project of a general biology. The latter emerged as the science concerned with the laws that regulate the organization of living nature as a whole. The focus on organization was, at least partially, the result of the debate surrounding the notion of "vital force", which originated in the mid-eighteenth century and caused a shift from a regulative to a constitutive understanding of teleology. SN - 1879-2499 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25168014/Vital_forces_and_organization:_philosophy_of_nature_and_biology_in_Karl_Friedrich_Kielmeyer_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1369-8486(14)00087-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -