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Varicose veins in hairdressers and associated risk factors: a cross-sectional study.
BMC Public Health. 2014 Aug 28; 14:885.BP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Varicose veins (VV) cause not only cosmetic problems but also clinical symptoms such as pain of the affected limbs. Whereas an occupation associated with orthostasis has been recognized as a risk factor of VV, epidemiological studies on working populations are limited. We conducted a study to identify the risk factors of lower limb VV among hairdressers in Taiwan and evaluate their effects, with a focus on long-term standing at work.

METHODS

We recruited participants from members of a hairdressers union in southern Taiwan and conducted a questionnaire survey. Data on demographic characteristics, body weight and height, work history, medical history, and other potential related factors were collected from each participant.

RESULTS

A total of 182 hairdressers participated in the survey, and 44 (24.2%) had lower limb VV. Uni-variate analyses showed that hairdressers with lower limb VV tended to be older (49.3 vs. 44.7 years, p = 0.032), have a family history of VV (25.6% vs. 9.9%, p = 0.011), doing housework in standing position (86.4% vs. 71.0% , p = 0.042), have a longer work history (30.5 vs. 24.0 years, p = 0.005), and stand longer at work (213.9 vs. 176.0 hour/month, p = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, in hairdressers ≤ 45 years old, the only significant risk factor was a family history of VV (odds ratio [OR] = 11.9, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.1-133.5). In hairdressers > 45 years old, the risk factors included standing working for > 260 hours per month (OR = 31.8, 95% CI = 1.8-566.5) and working as a hairdresser for > 30 years (for 31-42 years, OR = 10.9, 95% CI = 1.6-73.8; for ≥ 43 years, OR = 12.0, 95% CI = 1.6-88.5).

CONCLUSIONS

In hairdressers ≤ 45 years old, family history of VV is a major risk factor for developing lower limb VV, while in those who are > 45 years old, the effects of occupational risk factors are more prominent.

Authors+Show Affiliations

No affiliation info availableDepartment of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan. hrguo@mail.ncku.edu.tw.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25168336

Citation

Chen, Chao-Lin, and How-Ran Guo. "Varicose Veins in Hairdressers and Associated Risk Factors: a Cross-sectional Study." BMC Public Health, vol. 14, 2014, p. 885.
Chen CL, Guo HR. Varicose veins in hairdressers and associated risk factors: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:885.
Chen, C. L., & Guo, H. R. (2014). Varicose veins in hairdressers and associated risk factors: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 14, 885. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-885
Chen CL, Guo HR. Varicose Veins in Hairdressers and Associated Risk Factors: a Cross-sectional Study. BMC Public Health. 2014 Aug 28;14:885. PubMed PMID: 25168336.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Varicose veins in hairdressers and associated risk factors: a cross-sectional study. AU - Chen,Chao-Lin, AU - Guo,How-Ran, Y1 - 2014/08/28/ PY - 2013/10/19/received PY - 2014/08/18/accepted PY - 2014/8/30/entrez PY - 2014/8/30/pubmed PY - 2015/8/8/medline SP - 885 EP - 885 JF - BMC public health JO - BMC Public Health VL - 14 N2 - BACKGROUND: Varicose veins (VV) cause not only cosmetic problems but also clinical symptoms such as pain of the affected limbs. Whereas an occupation associated with orthostasis has been recognized as a risk factor of VV, epidemiological studies on working populations are limited. We conducted a study to identify the risk factors of lower limb VV among hairdressers in Taiwan and evaluate their effects, with a focus on long-term standing at work. METHODS: We recruited participants from members of a hairdressers union in southern Taiwan and conducted a questionnaire survey. Data on demographic characteristics, body weight and height, work history, medical history, and other potential related factors were collected from each participant. RESULTS: A total of 182 hairdressers participated in the survey, and 44 (24.2%) had lower limb VV. Uni-variate analyses showed that hairdressers with lower limb VV tended to be older (49.3 vs. 44.7 years, p = 0.032), have a family history of VV (25.6% vs. 9.9%, p = 0.011), doing housework in standing position (86.4% vs. 71.0% , p = 0.042), have a longer work history (30.5 vs. 24.0 years, p = 0.005), and stand longer at work (213.9 vs. 176.0 hour/month, p = 0.008). In multivariate analysis, in hairdressers ≤ 45 years old, the only significant risk factor was a family history of VV (odds ratio [OR] = 11.9, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 1.1-133.5). In hairdressers > 45 years old, the risk factors included standing working for > 260 hours per month (OR = 31.8, 95% CI = 1.8-566.5) and working as a hairdresser for > 30 years (for 31-42 years, OR = 10.9, 95% CI = 1.6-73.8; for ≥ 43 years, OR = 12.0, 95% CI = 1.6-88.5). CONCLUSIONS: In hairdressers ≤ 45 years old, family history of VV is a major risk factor for developing lower limb VV, while in those who are > 45 years old, the effects of occupational risk factors are more prominent. SN - 1471-2458 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25168336/Varicose_veins_in_hairdressers_and_associated_risk_factors:_a_cross_sectional_study_ L2 - https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-885 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -