Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus casei: responses with different modulators.Indian J Biochem Biophys. 1989 Oct; 26(5):329-33.IJ
Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) were separated and partially purified from glucose-grown cells of Lactobacillus casei. The enzymes had similar pH optima, thermosensitivity and molecular weights. They had different net charges and their pI values were 5.38 and 4.52, respectively. Histidine, arginine, lysine and cysteine residues were essential for the activity of G6PD, and all the above amino acids with the exception of lysine were required for 6PGD activity. Mg2+ activated 6PGD up to 15 mM concentration, above which it was inhibitory. It had no effect on G6PD activity. G6PD was specific for NADP+, but 6PGD showed some activity with NAD+ as the cofactor, although it was essentially NADP(+)-preferring. Both the enzymes, were inhibited by NADPH. 6PGD was also inhibited by its product, ribulose 5-phosphate. ATP inhibited 6PGD only at subsaturating concentrations of NADP+. The inhibition was sigmoidal in the absence of Mg2+ and hyperbolic in its presence.