Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Anemia and associated factors among school-age children in Filtu Town, Somali region, Southeast Ethiopia.
BMC Hematol. 2014; 14(1):13.BH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Anemia is one of the major public health problems affecting more than half of school-age children in developing countries. Anemia among children has been conclusively seen to delay psychomotor development, poor cognitive performance, impaired immunity and decrease working capacity. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and associated factors of anemia among school-age children in Filtu Town, Somali region, Southeast Ethiopia.

METHODS

A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August, 2013 in Filtu Town. A total of 355 school-age children between 5-15 years old were included in the study. Socio-demographic data were obtained from each participant using structured questionnaire. Hemoglobin concentration was determined by HemoCue 201(+) photometer (HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden) analyzer. Hemoglobin values below 11.5 g/dl and 12 g/dl were considered as anemic for age ranges of 5-11 and 12-15 years, respectively. Anthropometric data were taken from each study participant. Peripheral blood film and stool examination were done for hemoparasite and intestinal parasite screening, respectively. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0.

RESULTS

Over all, prevalence of anemia was found to be 23.66%. The vast majority (73.81%) of the anemic children had mild anemia. Moderate and severe anemia accounted for 25% and 1.19% of the anemic children, respectively. Being from a family with low income (AOR = 9.44, 95% CI: 2.88, 30.99), stunted (AOR = 5.50, 95% CI: 2.83, 10.72), underweight (AOR = 2.07, 95% CI: 1.06, 4.05) and having intestinal parasite infection (AOR = 2.99, 95% CI: 1.05, 8.46) were identified as associated factors for anemia.

CONCLUSION

Anemia is a moderate public health problem in school-age children for the study area. Interventions targeting nutritional deficiencies and parasitic infections are recommended.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Filtu District Hospital, Somali region, Somali Ethiopia.Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.Department of Medical Laboratory Science and Pathology, College of Public Health and Medical Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25170422

Citation

Gutema, Bekele, et al. "Anemia and Associated Factors Among School-age Children in Filtu Town, Somali Region, Southeast Ethiopia." BMC Hematology, vol. 14, no. 1, 2014, p. 13.
Gutema B, Adissu W, Asress Y, et al. Anemia and associated factors among school-age children in Filtu Town, Somali region, Southeast Ethiopia. BMC Hematol. 2014;14(1):13.
Gutema, B., Adissu, W., Asress, Y., & Gedefaw, L. (2014). Anemia and associated factors among school-age children in Filtu Town, Somali region, Southeast Ethiopia. BMC Hematology, 14(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/2052-1839-14-13
Gutema B, et al. Anemia and Associated Factors Among School-age Children in Filtu Town, Somali Region, Southeast Ethiopia. BMC Hematol. 2014;14(1):13. PubMed PMID: 25170422.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anemia and associated factors among school-age children in Filtu Town, Somali region, Southeast Ethiopia. AU - Gutema,Bekele, AU - Adissu,Wondimagegn, AU - Asress,Yaregal, AU - Gedefaw,Lealem, Y1 - 2014/08/18/ PY - 2014/03/20/received PY - 2014/08/13/accepted PY - 2014/8/30/entrez PY - 2014/8/30/pubmed PY - 2014/8/30/medline KW - Anemia KW - Associated factors KW - School-age children KW - Somali region SP - 13 EP - 13 JF - BMC hematology JO - BMC Hematol VL - 14 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Anemia is one of the major public health problems affecting more than half of school-age children in developing countries. Anemia among children has been conclusively seen to delay psychomotor development, poor cognitive performance, impaired immunity and decrease working capacity. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence and associated factors of anemia among school-age children in Filtu Town, Somali region, Southeast Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from July to August, 2013 in Filtu Town. A total of 355 school-age children between 5-15 years old were included in the study. Socio-demographic data were obtained from each participant using structured questionnaire. Hemoglobin concentration was determined by HemoCue 201(+) photometer (HemoCue, Angelholm, Sweden) analyzer. Hemoglobin values below 11.5 g/dl and 12 g/dl were considered as anemic for age ranges of 5-11 and 12-15 years, respectively. Anthropometric data were taken from each study participant. Peripheral blood film and stool examination were done for hemoparasite and intestinal parasite screening, respectively. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 16.0. RESULTS: Over all, prevalence of anemia was found to be 23.66%. The vast majority (73.81%) of the anemic children had mild anemia. Moderate and severe anemia accounted for 25% and 1.19% of the anemic children, respectively. Being from a family with low income (AOR = 9.44, 95% CI: 2.88, 30.99), stunted (AOR = 5.50, 95% CI: 2.83, 10.72), underweight (AOR = 2.07, 95% CI: 1.06, 4.05) and having intestinal parasite infection (AOR = 2.99, 95% CI: 1.05, 8.46) were identified as associated factors for anemia. CONCLUSION: Anemia is a moderate public health problem in school-age children for the study area. Interventions targeting nutritional deficiencies and parasitic infections are recommended. SN - 2052-1839 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25170422/Anemia_and_associated_factors_among_school_age_children_in_Filtu_Town_Somali_region_Southeast_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://bmchematol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/2052-1839-14-13 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
Try the Free App:
Prime PubMed app for iOS iPhone iPad
Prime PubMed app for Android
Prime PubMed is provided
free to individuals by:
Unbound Medicine.