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Craving Facebook? Behavioral addiction to online social networking and its association with emotion regulation deficits.
Addiction 2014; 109(12):2079-88A

Abstract

AIMS

To assess disordered online social networking use via modified diagnostic criteria for substance dependence, and to examine its association with difficulties with emotion regulation and substance use.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional survey study targeting undergraduate students. Associations between disordered online social networking use, internet addiction, deficits in emotion regulation and alcohol use problems were examined using univariate and multivariate analyses of covariance.

SETTING

A large University in the Northeastern United States.

PARTICIPANTS

Undergraduate students (n = 253, 62.8% female, 60.9% white, age mean = 19.68, standard deviation = 2.85), largely representative of the target population. The response rate was 100%.

MEASUREMENTS

Disordered online social networking use, determined via modified measures of alcohol abuse and dependence, including DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence, the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale and the Cut-down, Annoyed, Guilt, Eye-opener (CAGE) screen, along with the Young Internet Addiction Test, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, White Bear Suppression Inventory and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale.

FINDINGS

Disordered online social networking use was present in 9.7% [n = 23; 95% confidence interval (5.9, 13.4)] of the sample surveyed, and significantly and positively associated with scores on the Young Internet Addiction Test (P < 0.001), greater difficulties with emotion regulation (P = 0.003) and problem drinking (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS

The use of online social networking sites is potentially addictive. Modified measures of substance abuse and dependence are suitable in assessing disordered online social networking use. Disordered online social networking use seems to arise as part of a cluster of symptoms of poor emotion regulation skills and heightened susceptibility to both substance and non-substance addiction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25170590

Citation

Hormes, Julia M., et al. "Craving Facebook? Behavioral Addiction to Online Social Networking and Its Association With Emotion Regulation Deficits." Addiction (Abingdon, England), vol. 109, no. 12, 2014, pp. 2079-88.
Hormes JM, Kearns B, Timko CA. Craving Facebook? Behavioral addiction to online social networking and its association with emotion regulation deficits. Addiction. 2014;109(12):2079-88.
Hormes, J. M., Kearns, B., & Timko, C. A. (2014). Craving Facebook? Behavioral addiction to online social networking and its association with emotion regulation deficits. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 109(12), pp. 2079-88. doi:10.1111/add.12713.
Hormes JM, Kearns B, Timko CA. Craving Facebook? Behavioral Addiction to Online Social Networking and Its Association With Emotion Regulation Deficits. Addiction. 2014;109(12):2079-88. PubMed PMID: 25170590.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Craving Facebook? Behavioral addiction to online social networking and its association with emotion regulation deficits. AU - Hormes,Julia M, AU - Kearns,Brianna, AU - Timko,C Alix, PY - 2013/10/27/received PY - 2014/03/03/revised PY - 2014/08/14/accepted PY - 2014/8/30/entrez PY - 2014/8/30/pubmed PY - 2017/1/11/medline KW - Addiction KW - Facebook KW - alcohol KW - behavioral addiction KW - diagnosis KW - disordered online social networking use KW - emotion regulation KW - internet addiction KW - non-substance addiction KW - online social networking SP - 2079 EP - 88 JF - Addiction (Abingdon, England) JO - Addiction VL - 109 IS - 12 N2 - AIMS: To assess disordered online social networking use via modified diagnostic criteria for substance dependence, and to examine its association with difficulties with emotion regulation and substance use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study targeting undergraduate students. Associations between disordered online social networking use, internet addiction, deficits in emotion regulation and alcohol use problems were examined using univariate and multivariate analyses of covariance. SETTING: A large University in the Northeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate students (n = 253, 62.8% female, 60.9% white, age mean = 19.68, standard deviation = 2.85), largely representative of the target population. The response rate was 100%. MEASUREMENTS: Disordered online social networking use, determined via modified measures of alcohol abuse and dependence, including DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence, the Penn Alcohol Craving Scale and the Cut-down, Annoyed, Guilt, Eye-opener (CAGE) screen, along with the Young Internet Addiction Test, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, White Bear Suppression Inventory and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale. FINDINGS: Disordered online social networking use was present in 9.7% [n = 23; 95% confidence interval (5.9, 13.4)] of the sample surveyed, and significantly and positively associated with scores on the Young Internet Addiction Test (P < 0.001), greater difficulties with emotion regulation (P = 0.003) and problem drinking (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The use of online social networking sites is potentially addictive. Modified measures of substance abuse and dependence are suitable in assessing disordered online social networking use. Disordered online social networking use seems to arise as part of a cluster of symptoms of poor emotion regulation skills and heightened susceptibility to both substance and non-substance addiction. SN - 1360-0443 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25170590/Craving_Facebook_Behavioral_addiction_to_online_social_networking_and_its_association_with_emotion_regulation_deficits_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12713 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -