Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

[Effects of activating silent information regulator 1 on early myocardial damage in severely burned rats].
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2014 Jun; 30(3):194-8.ZS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To explore the effects of activating silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) on early myocardial damage in severely burned rats.

METHODS

Twenty-four healthy male SD rats were divided into sham injury group (SI), scald group (S), and resveratrol (RSV) treatment group (RT) according to the random number table, with 8 rats in each group. Rats in groups S and RT were inflicted with 30% TBSA full-thickness scald on the back by immersing in 95 °C water for 18 s. Immediately after injury, rats in group S were intraperitoneally injected with 10 mL normal saline (50 mL/kg) and those in group RT with 10 mL normal saline (50 mL/kg)+10 µL RSV in the concentration of 1 g/mL (50 mg/kg). Backs of rats in group SI were immersed in 20 °C room temperature water for 18 s to simulate the scald process. Heart tissues and aorta abdominalis blood samples were collected at post injury hour (PIH) 6. The histomorphology of heart tissues was observed with HE staining. The serum contents of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined with ELISA. The protein expressions of SIRT1 and caspase-3 and mRNA expressions of SIRT1, caspase-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in heart tissue specimens were determined with Western blotting and real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR (with protein level denoted as gray value). Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance and LSD- t test.

RESULTS

(1) In group SI, myocardial fibers were in irregularly cylindrical shape, neatly arranged, and the transverse striation were distinct. In group S, myocardial interstitial edema, disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement, and cytoplasm destruction were observed. In group RT, the degrees of myocardial interstitial edema, disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement, and cytoplasm destruction were alleviated in comparison with those of group S. (2) The serum contents of CK and LDH of rats in group S were respectively (2 385 ± 712) and (2 551 ± 196) U/L, which were significantly higher than those in the group SI [(290 ± 59) and (759 ± 60) U/L, with t values respectively 9.466 and 25.452, P values below 0.01]. The serum contents of CK and LDH of rats in group RT were respectively (1 336 ± 149) and (2 209 ± 133) U/L, which were significantly lower than those of group S (with t values respectively -4.506 and -4.860, P values below 0.01). (3) The protein expressions of SIRT1 and caspase-3 in heart tissue of rats in group S were respectively 0.47 ± 0.11 and 0.48 ± 0.12, which were significantly higher than those in group SI [0.18 ± 0.06 and 0.09 ± 0.05, with t values respectively 4.813 and 9.014, P values below 0.01]. The protein expression of SIRT1 in heart tissue of rats in group RT was 0.74 ± 0.18, which was significantly higher than that of group S (t = 4.561, P < 0.01); the protein expression of caspase-3 in heart tissue of rats in group RT was 0.21 ± 0.08, which was significantly lower than that of group S (t = -6.239, P < 0.01). (4) The mRNA expressions of SIRT1, caspase-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in heart tissue of rats in group S were respectively 2.33 ± 0.24, 1.96 ± 0.20, 2.46 ± 0.21, 1.89 ± 0.37, which were significantly higher than those in group SI (1.00 ± 0.07, 1.00 ± 0.06, 1.00 ± 0.08, 1.00 ± 0.09, with t values respectively 14.961, 12.823, 18.559, 6.679, P values below 0.01). The mRNA expression of SIRT1 in heart tissue of rats in group RT was 2.89 ± 0.31, which was significantly higher than that of group S (t = 3.997, P < 0.01). The mRNA expressions of caspase-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in heart tissue of rats in group RT were respectively 1.31 ± 0.08, 1.64 ± 0.09, 1.25 ± 0.08, which were significantly lower than those of group S (with t values respectively -8.264, -10.245, -4.818, P values below 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS

The expression of SIRT1 in heart tissue is upregulated in the early stage of severely burned rats. Activation of SIRT1 by RSV can alleviate myocardial tissue injury and reduce apoptosis of cardiac myocytes and secretion of IL-1β and TNF-α.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China.Burn Center of PLA, Department of Burns and Cutaneous Surgery, Xijing Hospital, the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China. Email: hudhai@fmmu.edu.cn.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

25174378

Citation

Fan, Lei, et al. "[Effects of Activating Silent Information Regulator 1 On Early Myocardial Damage in Severely Burned Rats]." Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi = Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Burns, vol. 30, no. 3, 2014, pp. 194-8.
Fan L, Bai X, Yang L, et al. [Effects of activating silent information regulator 1 on early myocardial damage in severely burned rats]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2014;30(3):194-8.
Fan, L., Bai, X., Yang, L., Wang, S., Yang, C., Li, C., Su, L., Lyu, G., & Hu, D. (2014). [Effects of activating silent information regulator 1 on early myocardial damage in severely burned rats]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi = Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi = Chinese Journal of Burns, 30(3), 194-8.
Fan L, et al. [Effects of Activating Silent Information Regulator 1 On Early Myocardial Damage in Severely Burned Rats]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi. 2014;30(3):194-8. PubMed PMID: 25174378.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Effects of activating silent information regulator 1 on early myocardial damage in severely burned rats]. AU - Fan,Lei, AU - Bai,Xiaozhi, AU - Yang,Longlong, AU - Wang,Shuyue, AU - Yang,Chen, AU - Li,Chao, AU - Su,Linlin, AU - Lyu,Genfa, AU - Hu,Dahai, PY - 2014/9/2/entrez PY - 2014/9/2/pubmed PY - 2015/5/6/medline SP - 194 EP - 8 JF - Zhonghua shao shang za zhi = Zhonghua shaoshang zazhi = Chinese journal of burns JO - Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi VL - 30 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of activating silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) on early myocardial damage in severely burned rats. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy male SD rats were divided into sham injury group (SI), scald group (S), and resveratrol (RSV) treatment group (RT) according to the random number table, with 8 rats in each group. Rats in groups S and RT were inflicted with 30% TBSA full-thickness scald on the back by immersing in 95 °C water for 18 s. Immediately after injury, rats in group S were intraperitoneally injected with 10 mL normal saline (50 mL/kg) and those in group RT with 10 mL normal saline (50 mL/kg)+10 µL RSV in the concentration of 1 g/mL (50 mg/kg). Backs of rats in group SI were immersed in 20 °C room temperature water for 18 s to simulate the scald process. Heart tissues and aorta abdominalis blood samples were collected at post injury hour (PIH) 6. The histomorphology of heart tissues was observed with HE staining. The serum contents of creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were determined with ELISA. The protein expressions of SIRT1 and caspase-3 and mRNA expressions of SIRT1, caspase-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in heart tissue specimens were determined with Western blotting and real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR (with protein level denoted as gray value). Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance and LSD- t test. RESULTS: (1) In group SI, myocardial fibers were in irregularly cylindrical shape, neatly arranged, and the transverse striation were distinct. In group S, myocardial interstitial edema, disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement, and cytoplasm destruction were observed. In group RT, the degrees of myocardial interstitial edema, disorder of myocardial fiber arrangement, and cytoplasm destruction were alleviated in comparison with those of group S. (2) The serum contents of CK and LDH of rats in group S were respectively (2 385 ± 712) and (2 551 ± 196) U/L, which were significantly higher than those in the group SI [(290 ± 59) and (759 ± 60) U/L, with t values respectively 9.466 and 25.452, P values below 0.01]. The serum contents of CK and LDH of rats in group RT were respectively (1 336 ± 149) and (2 209 ± 133) U/L, which were significantly lower than those of group S (with t values respectively -4.506 and -4.860, P values below 0.01). (3) The protein expressions of SIRT1 and caspase-3 in heart tissue of rats in group S were respectively 0.47 ± 0.11 and 0.48 ± 0.12, which were significantly higher than those in group SI [0.18 ± 0.06 and 0.09 ± 0.05, with t values respectively 4.813 and 9.014, P values below 0.01]. The protein expression of SIRT1 in heart tissue of rats in group RT was 0.74 ± 0.18, which was significantly higher than that of group S (t = 4.561, P < 0.01); the protein expression of caspase-3 in heart tissue of rats in group RT was 0.21 ± 0.08, which was significantly lower than that of group S (t = -6.239, P < 0.01). (4) The mRNA expressions of SIRT1, caspase-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in heart tissue of rats in group S were respectively 2.33 ± 0.24, 1.96 ± 0.20, 2.46 ± 0.21, 1.89 ± 0.37, which were significantly higher than those in group SI (1.00 ± 0.07, 1.00 ± 0.06, 1.00 ± 0.08, 1.00 ± 0.09, with t values respectively 14.961, 12.823, 18.559, 6.679, P values below 0.01). The mRNA expression of SIRT1 in heart tissue of rats in group RT was 2.89 ± 0.31, which was significantly higher than that of group S (t = 3.997, P < 0.01). The mRNA expressions of caspase-3, IL-1β, and TNF-α in heart tissue of rats in group RT were respectively 1.31 ± 0.08, 1.64 ± 0.09, 1.25 ± 0.08, which were significantly lower than those of group S (with t values respectively -8.264, -10.245, -4.818, P values below 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The expression of SIRT1 in heart tissue is upregulated in the early stage of severely burned rats. Activation of SIRT1 by RSV can alleviate myocardial tissue injury and reduce apoptosis of cardiac myocytes and secretion of IL-1β and TNF-α. SN - 1009-2587 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25174378/[Effects_of_activating_silent_information_regulator_1_on_early_myocardial_damage_in_severely_burned_rats]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -