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Trends in dietary quality among adults in the United States, 1999 through 2010.
JAMA Intern Med. 2014 Oct; 174(10):1587-95.JIM

Abstract

IMPORTANCE

Many changes in the economy, policies related to nutrition, and food processing have occurred within the United States since 2000, and the net effect on dietary quality is not clear. These changes may have affected various socioeconomic groups differentially.

OBJECTIVE

To investigate trends in dietary quality from 1999 to 2010 in the US adult population and within socioeconomic subgroups.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS

Nationally representative sample of 29 124 adults aged 20 to 85 years from the US 1999 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES

The Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI-2010), an 11-dimension score (range, 0-10 for each component score and 0-110 for the total score), was used to measure dietary quality. A higher AHEI-2010 score indicated a more healthful diet.

RESULTS

The energy-adjusted mean of the AHEI-2010 increased from 39.9 in 1999 to 2000 to 46.8 in 2009 to 2010 (linear trend P < .001). Reduction in trans fat intake accounted for more than half of this improvement. The AHEI-2010 component score increased by 0.9 points for sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit juice (reflecting decreased consumption), 0.7 points for whole fruit, 0.5 points for whole grains, 0.5 points for polyunsaturated fatty acids, and 0.4 points for nuts and legumes over the 12-year period (all linear trend P < .001). Family income and education level were positively associated with total AHEI-2010, and the gap between low and high socioeconomic status widened over time, from 3.9 points in 1999 to 2000 to 7.8 points in 2009 to 2010 (interaction P = .01).

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE

Although a steady improvement in AHEI-2010 was observed across the 12-year period, the overall dietary quality remains poor. Better dietary quality was associated with higher socioeconomic status, and the gap widened with time. Future efforts to improve nutrition should address these disparities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.Center for Health and Community, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco.Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts3Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts4Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts3Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts5Department of Epidemiology, Harva.Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts3Channing Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts5Department of Epidemiology, Harva.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25179639

Citation

Wang, Dong D., et al. "Trends in Dietary Quality Among Adults in the United States, 1999 Through 2010." JAMA Internal Medicine, vol. 174, no. 10, 2014, pp. 1587-95.
Wang DD, Leung CW, Li Y, et al. Trends in dietary quality among adults in the United States, 1999 through 2010. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(10):1587-95.
Wang, D. D., Leung, C. W., Li, Y., Ding, E. L., Chiuve, S. E., Hu, F. B., & Willett, W. C. (2014). Trends in dietary quality among adults in the United States, 1999 through 2010. JAMA Internal Medicine, 174(10), 1587-95. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3422
Wang DD, et al. Trends in Dietary Quality Among Adults in the United States, 1999 Through 2010. JAMA Intern Med. 2014;174(10):1587-95. PubMed PMID: 25179639.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Trends in dietary quality among adults in the United States, 1999 through 2010. AU - Wang,Dong D, AU - Leung,Cindy W, AU - Li,Yanping, AU - Ding,Eric L, AU - Chiuve,Stephanie E, AU - Hu,Frank B, AU - Willett,Walter C, PY - 2014/9/3/entrez PY - 2014/9/3/pubmed PY - 2015/1/31/medline SP - 1587 EP - 95 JF - JAMA internal medicine JO - JAMA Intern Med VL - 174 IS - 10 N2 - IMPORTANCE: Many changes in the economy, policies related to nutrition, and food processing have occurred within the United States since 2000, and the net effect on dietary quality is not clear. These changes may have affected various socioeconomic groups differentially. OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends in dietary quality from 1999 to 2010 in the US adult population and within socioeconomic subgroups. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Nationally representative sample of 29 124 adults aged 20 to 85 years from the US 1999 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: The Alternate Healthy Eating Index 2010 (AHEI-2010), an 11-dimension score (range, 0-10 for each component score and 0-110 for the total score), was used to measure dietary quality. A higher AHEI-2010 score indicated a more healthful diet. RESULTS: The energy-adjusted mean of the AHEI-2010 increased from 39.9 in 1999 to 2000 to 46.8 in 2009 to 2010 (linear trend P < .001). Reduction in trans fat intake accounted for more than half of this improvement. The AHEI-2010 component score increased by 0.9 points for sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit juice (reflecting decreased consumption), 0.7 points for whole fruit, 0.5 points for whole grains, 0.5 points for polyunsaturated fatty acids, and 0.4 points for nuts and legumes over the 12-year period (all linear trend P < .001). Family income and education level were positively associated with total AHEI-2010, and the gap between low and high socioeconomic status widened over time, from 3.9 points in 1999 to 2000 to 7.8 points in 2009 to 2010 (interaction P = .01). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Although a steady improvement in AHEI-2010 was observed across the 12-year period, the overall dietary quality remains poor. Better dietary quality was associated with higher socioeconomic status, and the gap widened with time. Future efforts to improve nutrition should address these disparities. SN - 2168-6114 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25179639/Trends_in_dietary_quality_among_adults_in_the_United_States_1999_through_2010_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.3422 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -