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The shape of the scene background determines the perceived path of a moving object.
J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2014 Dec; 40(6):2117-23.JE

Abstract

Studies of the perception of motion in three-dimensional scenes have provided extensive information about the effects of changes in the size, speed, and disparity of an object's image on the perception of the object's trajectory. The present study demonstrates that this perception is not determined primarily by the object's motion but by the shape of the background against which this motion is displayed. The effect of a scene background on judgments of the trajectory of a moving object was examined in 2 experiments with 33 observers. In the first experiment, observers judged whether the trajectory was concave or convex. In the second experiment, observers judged which of 2 displays, differing in curvature of the motion path and curvature of the background, depicted the more curved motion path. Judgments of sign of curvature and judgments of relative magnitude of curvature were determined almost entirely by the background curvature.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cognitive Sciences.Department of Cognitive Sciences.Department of Psychology, University of California.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25181369

Citation

Zhang, Junjun, et al. "The Shape of the Scene Background Determines the Perceived Path of a Moving Object." Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, vol. 40, no. 6, 2014, pp. 2117-23.
Zhang J, Braunstein ML, Andersen GJ. The shape of the scene background determines the perceived path of a moving object. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2014;40(6):2117-23.
Zhang, J., Braunstein, M. L., & Andersen, G. J. (2014). The shape of the scene background determines the perceived path of a moving object. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance, 40(6), 2117-23. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037896
Zhang J, Braunstein ML, Andersen GJ. The Shape of the Scene Background Determines the Perceived Path of a Moving Object. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 2014;40(6):2117-23. PubMed PMID: 25181369.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The shape of the scene background determines the perceived path of a moving object. AU - Zhang,Junjun, AU - Braunstein,Myron L, AU - Andersen,George J, Y1 - 2014/09/01/ PY - 2014/9/3/entrez PY - 2014/9/3/pubmed PY - 2015/7/16/medline SP - 2117 EP - 23 JF - Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance JO - J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform VL - 40 IS - 6 N2 - Studies of the perception of motion in three-dimensional scenes have provided extensive information about the effects of changes in the size, speed, and disparity of an object's image on the perception of the object's trajectory. The present study demonstrates that this perception is not determined primarily by the object's motion but by the shape of the background against which this motion is displayed. The effect of a scene background on judgments of the trajectory of a moving object was examined in 2 experiments with 33 observers. In the first experiment, observers judged whether the trajectory was concave or convex. In the second experiment, observers judged which of 2 displays, differing in curvature of the motion path and curvature of the background, depicted the more curved motion path. Judgments of sign of curvature and judgments of relative magnitude of curvature were determined almost entirely by the background curvature. SN - 1939-1277 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25181369/The_shape_of_the_scene_background_determines_the_perceived_path_of_a_moving_object_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/xhp/40/6/2117 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -