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Use of upper-arm anthropometry as measure of body-composition and nutritional assessment in children and adolescents (6-20 years) of Assam, Northeast India.
Ethiop J Health Sci. 2014 Jul; 24(3):243-52.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Upper-arm muscle area (UMA), upper-arm fat area (UFA), arm-fat index (AFI), upper-arm fat estimate (UFE) and upper-arm muscle estimate (UME) was introduced for the assessment of body-composition. This cross-sectional study assessed age-sex specific upper-arm composition and nutritional status among children and adolescents.

METHODS

The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 1545 (770 boys; 775 girls) Sonowal Kacharis of Dibrugarh District, Assam, Northeast-India, using multi-stage stratified random sampling method. The anthropometric measurements of height, weight, triceps and mid-upper-arm circumference were recorded. The upper-arm composition was assessed using standard equations. Nutritional status was assessed using standard classification of upper-arm muscle-area by height (UAMAH) and thinness (low BMI-for-age).

RESULTS

Age and sex-specific muscularity were found significantly greater among boys than girls (p<0.01), while adiposity was significantly greater among girls (p<0.01), particularly when they approached to puberty. The overall prevalence of low and below-average UAMAH was found to be 16.38% and 22.65% respectively. The overall prevalence of thinness was 23.69% (26.36% boys, 21.03% girls) (p>0.05).

CONCLUSION

Body-composition and nutritional status of these children and adolescents were found markedly unsatisfactory using upper-arm composition, UAMAH and thinness. The combination of upper-arm composition and conventional anthropometric measures appear to be useful for body-composition and nutritional status assessment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Anthropology, Dibru College, Dibrugrah, Assam, India.Department of Anthropology, Assam University; Diphu Campus, Karbi Anglong, Assam, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25183931

Citation

Jaswant, Singh, and Mondal Nitish. "Use of Upper-arm Anthropometry as Measure of Body-composition and Nutritional Assessment in Children and Adolescents (6-20 Years) of Assam, Northeast India." Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, vol. 24, no. 3, 2014, pp. 243-52.
Jaswant S, Nitish M. Use of upper-arm anthropometry as measure of body-composition and nutritional assessment in children and adolescents (6-20 years) of Assam, Northeast India. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2014;24(3):243-52.
Jaswant, S., & Nitish, M. (2014). Use of upper-arm anthropometry as measure of body-composition and nutritional assessment in children and adolescents (6-20 years) of Assam, Northeast India. Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences, 24(3), 243-52.
Jaswant S, Nitish M. Use of Upper-arm Anthropometry as Measure of Body-composition and Nutritional Assessment in Children and Adolescents (6-20 Years) of Assam, Northeast India. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2014;24(3):243-52. PubMed PMID: 25183931.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Use of upper-arm anthropometry as measure of body-composition and nutritional assessment in children and adolescents (6-20 years) of Assam, Northeast India. AU - Jaswant,Singh, AU - Nitish,Mondal, PY - 2014/9/4/entrez PY - 2014/9/4/pubmed PY - 2015/5/13/medline KW - Child Health KW - Malnutrition KW - Northeast-India KW - Upper-arm Fat Area KW - Upper-arm Muscle Area KW - Upper-arm anthropometry KW - Upper-arm muscle-area by Height SP - 243 EP - 52 JF - Ethiopian journal of health sciences JO - Ethiop J Health Sci VL - 24 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Upper-arm muscle area (UMA), upper-arm fat area (UFA), arm-fat index (AFI), upper-arm fat estimate (UFE) and upper-arm muscle estimate (UME) was introduced for the assessment of body-composition. This cross-sectional study assessed age-sex specific upper-arm composition and nutritional status among children and adolescents. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study was conducted among 1545 (770 boys; 775 girls) Sonowal Kacharis of Dibrugarh District, Assam, Northeast-India, using multi-stage stratified random sampling method. The anthropometric measurements of height, weight, triceps and mid-upper-arm circumference were recorded. The upper-arm composition was assessed using standard equations. Nutritional status was assessed using standard classification of upper-arm muscle-area by height (UAMAH) and thinness (low BMI-for-age). RESULTS: Age and sex-specific muscularity were found significantly greater among boys than girls (p<0.01), while adiposity was significantly greater among girls (p<0.01), particularly when they approached to puberty. The overall prevalence of low and below-average UAMAH was found to be 16.38% and 22.65% respectively. The overall prevalence of thinness was 23.69% (26.36% boys, 21.03% girls) (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Body-composition and nutritional status of these children and adolescents were found markedly unsatisfactory using upper-arm composition, UAMAH and thinness. The combination of upper-arm composition and conventional anthropometric measures appear to be useful for body-composition and nutritional status assessment. SN - 2413-7170 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25183931/Use_of_upper_arm_anthropometry_as_measure_of_body_composition_and_nutritional_assessment_in_children_and_adolescents__6_20_years__of_Assam_Northeast_India_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -