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["Purified empiricism": Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) attempts at a foundation of medicine in relation to its tradition, kantianism, and speculative philosophy].
Medizinhist J. 2013; 48(2):186-216.MJ

Abstract

Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) importance lies in his theoretical approach to medicine. Following Kant in his early work, he attempts to combine medical experience with an underlying conceptual structure. This attempt is directed against both the chaotic empiricism of traditional medicine and speculative theories such as vitalism. The paper starts from his early reflections on the concept of a life force, which he interprets in the way of a non-reductive materialism. In the following, the basic outlines of his Theory of Fever will be shown. The Theory is a systematic attempt at finding a new foundation for diagnosis and therapy on the basis of the concept of fever, which is understood as modification of vital processes. The paper ends with a discussion of his later work, which has remained controversial so far. It shows that the combination of practical empiricism and scientific theory remained rather unstable in this early phase of the development of modern medicine.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Biography
English Abstract
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

25188999

Citation

Steinmann, Michael. "["Purified Empiricism": Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) Attempts at a Foundation of Medicine in Relation to Its Tradition, Kantianism, and Speculative Philosophy]." Medizinhistorisches Journal, vol. 48, no. 2, 2013, pp. 186-216.
Steinmann M. ["Purified empiricism": Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) attempts at a foundation of medicine in relation to its tradition, kantianism, and speculative philosophy]. Medizinhist J. 2013;48(2):186-216.
Steinmann, M. (2013). ["Purified empiricism": Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) attempts at a foundation of medicine in relation to its tradition, kantianism, and speculative philosophy]. Medizinhistorisches Journal, 48(2), 186-216.
Steinmann M. ["Purified Empiricism": Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) Attempts at a Foundation of Medicine in Relation to Its Tradition, Kantianism, and Speculative Philosophy]. Medizinhist J. 2013;48(2):186-216. PubMed PMID: 25188999.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - ["Purified empiricism": Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) attempts at a foundation of medicine in relation to its tradition, kantianism, and speculative philosophy]. A1 - Steinmann,Michael, PY - 2014/9/6/entrez PY - 2013/1/1/pubmed PY - 2014/10/15/medline SP - 186 EP - 216 JF - Medizinhistorisches Journal JO - Medizinhist J VL - 48 IS - 2 N2 - Johann Christian Reil's (1759-1813) importance lies in his theoretical approach to medicine. Following Kant in his early work, he attempts to combine medical experience with an underlying conceptual structure. This attempt is directed against both the chaotic empiricism of traditional medicine and speculative theories such as vitalism. The paper starts from his early reflections on the concept of a life force, which he interprets in the way of a non-reductive materialism. In the following, the basic outlines of his Theory of Fever will be shown. The Theory is a systematic attempt at finding a new foundation for diagnosis and therapy on the basis of the concept of fever, which is understood as modification of vital processes. The paper ends with a discussion of his later work, which has remained controversial so far. It shows that the combination of practical empiricism and scientific theory remained rather unstable in this early phase of the development of modern medicine. SN - 0025-8431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25188999/["Purified_empiricism":_Johann_Christian_Reil's__1759_1813__attempts_at_a_foundation_of_medicine_in_relation_to_its_tradition_kantianism_and_speculative_philosophy]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/fever.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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