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Associations between dietary patterns and demographics, lifestyle, anthropometry and blood pressure in Chinese community-dwelling older men and women.
J Nutr Sci 2012; 1:e20JN

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined dietary patterns, and the associations of these patterns with demographics, lifestyle, anthropometry and blood pressure in 3707 Chinese people aged 65 years and above taking part in a population-based cohort study investigating the risk factors for osteoporosis. Baseline dietary data were collected using a validated FFQ. Dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis. Scores were calculated for each pattern. Demographics, lifestyle factors and self-reported hypertension history were collected through a questionnaire. BMI, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured. Three dietary patterns were identified, namely 'vegetables-fruit', 'snacks-drinks-milk products' and 'meat-fish'. Participants who were more physically active, more educated, non-smokers and non-drinkers were more likely to have higher 'vegetables-fruit' dietary pattern scores. Current smoking habit and alcohol use were associated with higher 'snacks-drinks-milk products' dietary pattern scores and 'meat-fish' dietary pattern scores. 'Vegetables-fruit' dietary pattern scores were inversely (unstandardised regression coefficient B = -0·60 mmHg, 95 % CI -1·04, -0·16) and 'snacks-drinks-milk products' dietary pattern scores were positively (B = 0·50 mmHg, 95 % CI 0·08, 0·92) associated with DBP in men in multiple regressions. Higher 'meat-fish' dietary pattern scores were associated with higher BMI (B = 0·19 kg/m(2), 95 % CI 0·06, 0·33), waist-to-hip ratio (B = 0·004, 95 % CI 0·002, 0·007) and WC (B = 0·57 cm, 95 % CI 0·18, 0·97) in men, and higher BMI (B = 0·40 kg/m(2), 95 % CI 0·22, 0·57), WC (B = 0·87 cm, 95 % CI 0·39, 1·36) and HC (B = 0·61 cm, 95 % CI 0·26, 0·96) in women in multiple regressions. The influence of demographic and lifestyle characteristics on dietary patterns and the health risks associated with dietary patterns provides insights for the provision of tangible dietary advice to this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics , The Chinese University of Hong Kong , Shatin , Hong Kong.Jockey Club Centre for Osteoporosis Care and Control, The Chinese University of Hong Kong , Shatin , Hong Kong.Department of Medicine and Therapeutics , The Chinese University of Hong Kong , Shatin , Hong Kong.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

25191550

Citation

Chan, Ruth, et al. "Associations Between Dietary Patterns and Demographics, Lifestyle, Anthropometry and Blood Pressure in Chinese Community-dwelling Older Men and Women." Journal of Nutritional Science, vol. 1, 2012, pp. e20.
Chan R, Chan D, Woo J. Associations between dietary patterns and demographics, lifestyle, anthropometry and blood pressure in Chinese community-dwelling older men and women. J Nutr Sci. 2012;1:e20.
Chan, R., Chan, D., & Woo, J. (2012). Associations between dietary patterns and demographics, lifestyle, anthropometry and blood pressure in Chinese community-dwelling older men and women. Journal of Nutritional Science, 1, pp. e20. doi:10.1017/jns.2012.19.
Chan R, Chan D, Woo J. Associations Between Dietary Patterns and Demographics, Lifestyle, Anthropometry and Blood Pressure in Chinese Community-dwelling Older Men and Women. J Nutr Sci. 2012;1:e20. PubMed PMID: 25191550.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between dietary patterns and demographics, lifestyle, anthropometry and blood pressure in Chinese community-dwelling older men and women. AU - Chan,Ruth, AU - Chan,Dicken, AU - Woo,Jean, Y1 - 2012/12/14/ PY - 2011/10/07/received PY - 2012/09/05/revised PY - 2012/09/28/accepted PY - 2014/9/6/entrez PY - 2012/1/1/pubmed PY - 2012/1/1/medline KW - Chinese elderly KW - Cross-sectional studies KW - DBP, diastolic blood pressure KW - Dietary patterns KW - Factor analysis KW - PASE, Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly KW - SES, socio-economic status KW - WC, waist circumference SP - e20 EP - e20 JF - Journal of nutritional science JO - J Nutr Sci VL - 1 N2 - This cross-sectional study examined dietary patterns, and the associations of these patterns with demographics, lifestyle, anthropometry and blood pressure in 3707 Chinese people aged 65 years and above taking part in a population-based cohort study investigating the risk factors for osteoporosis. Baseline dietary data were collected using a validated FFQ. Dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis. Scores were calculated for each pattern. Demographics, lifestyle factors and self-reported hypertension history were collected through a questionnaire. BMI, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-to-hip ratio, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured. Three dietary patterns were identified, namely 'vegetables-fruit', 'snacks-drinks-milk products' and 'meat-fish'. Participants who were more physically active, more educated, non-smokers and non-drinkers were more likely to have higher 'vegetables-fruit' dietary pattern scores. Current smoking habit and alcohol use were associated with higher 'snacks-drinks-milk products' dietary pattern scores and 'meat-fish' dietary pattern scores. 'Vegetables-fruit' dietary pattern scores were inversely (unstandardised regression coefficient B = -0·60 mmHg, 95 % CI -1·04, -0·16) and 'snacks-drinks-milk products' dietary pattern scores were positively (B = 0·50 mmHg, 95 % CI 0·08, 0·92) associated with DBP in men in multiple regressions. Higher 'meat-fish' dietary pattern scores were associated with higher BMI (B = 0·19 kg/m(2), 95 % CI 0·06, 0·33), waist-to-hip ratio (B = 0·004, 95 % CI 0·002, 0·007) and WC (B = 0·57 cm, 95 % CI 0·18, 0·97) in men, and higher BMI (B = 0·40 kg/m(2), 95 % CI 0·22, 0·57), WC (B = 0·87 cm, 95 % CI 0·39, 1·36) and HC (B = 0·61 cm, 95 % CI 0·26, 0·96) in women in multiple regressions. The influence of demographic and lifestyle characteristics on dietary patterns and the health risks associated with dietary patterns provides insights for the provision of tangible dietary advice to this population. SN - 2048-6790 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/25191550/Associations_between_dietary_patterns_and_demographics_lifestyle_anthropometry_and_blood_pressure_in_Chinese_community_dwelling_older_men_and_women_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/00019/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -